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Surface Modification for Medical Devices

  • Naoki KawazoeEmail author
  • Yoshihiro Ito
  • Guoping Chen
Chapter

Abstract

Surface modification is recognized as one of the important and predominant techniques for improving biocompatibility and bioactivity of medical devices without altering their bulk properties. This chapter deals with surface modification using polymers derivatized with photoreactive groups for biomedical applications. The technique provides a powerful tool because of stable covalent bonds between modifiers and substrates, and it is capable of withstanding long-term use under physiological condition. By means of the technique, a wide variety of naturally derived and synthetic polymers have been immobilized onto any organic substrates to manipulate cell behavior and cell functions such as cell adhesion, proliferation, differentiation, and migration. Furthermore, these polymers have been micropatterned onto substrates by UV photolithography to spatially control cell-adhesive regions and the immobilization of bioactive molecules. Culturing cells on the modified and micropatterned surface provide us with some interesting results on their functions that are not observed in the conventionally used cell culture substrates.

Keywords

Surface modification Biocompatibility Bioactivity Photoreactive groups Micropatterning 

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tissue Regeneration Materials GroupResearch Center for Functional Materials, National Institute for Materials ScienceTsukubaJapan
  2. 2.Nano Medical Engineering LaboratoryRIKEN & Emergent Bioengineering materials research Team, RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter ScienceWakoJapan

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