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Photofabrication

  • Koji SugiokaEmail author
  • Takehisa Matsuda
  • Yoshihiro Ito
Chapter

Abstract

Photofabrication allows us to create spatio-resolved two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) architectural features. The photoinduced process based on photochemical, photophysical, and/or photothermal effects offers ease of reaction control and high capability of region-specific addressability, dimensional precision or spatio-resolution, and topological control. The biological surface engineering via the photoinduced process enables controlling biological reactivity for including cell adhesiveness/non-adhesiveness, blood compatibility, and tissue compatibility at the desired local region, which benefits implantable medical devices such as artificial graft and heart. Depending on the process, the photofabrication can provide three different schemes including subtractive, undeformative, and additive processing to prepare diverse structures from micro- to macroscale. Additionally, distinct feature of photofabrication relying on the specific light source can extend the fabrication geometry from a plane to a volume to create 3D structures. Applications of the 3D structures created include preparation of medical and tissue engineering devices, human organ models for preoperative simulations, a customized, bioresorbable tracheal splint for treatment of tracheobronchomalacia, 3D printing of proteins, and fabrication of functional biochips.

Keywords

Micropatterning Surface modification Ablation Nanostructuring 3D fabrication 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Koji Sugioka
    • 1
    Email author
  • Takehisa Matsuda
    • 2
  • Yoshihiro Ito
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.RIKEN Center for Advanced PhotonicsWakoJapan
  2. 2.Kyoto Institute of TechnologyKyotoJapan
  3. 3.Nano Medical Engineering Laboratory, RIKENWakoJapan
  4. 4.Emergent Bioengineering Materials Research TeamRIKEN Center for Emergent Matter ScienceWakoJapan

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