Numerical Analysis of Multi-tunnel Interaction in Clay

  • Bing-Qing Zhu
  • Yin-Fu Jin
  • Zhen-Yu Yin
  • Dong-Mei Zhang
  • Hong-Wei Huang
Conference paper


Constructing a new tunnel close to an existing one is a concerned engineering problem since the interaction between tunnels at a close range could lead to ground settlement, resulting in damage of buildings. This paper presents the particular interest in ground settlement induced by tunnel excavations and the configurations of twin-tunnel. For this purpose, the numerical model is established, in which the S-CLAY1 model is implemented. A series of numerical simulations on twin-tunnel at spacing of 1.5D, 3D and 4.5D are carried out. The simulated results and centrifuge measurements are compared for different ground loss rates and tunnel configurations. All the results demonstrate that the numerical analysis in conjunction with the S-CLAY1 model can well predict the ground settlement induced by multi-tunnel excavation, which is ready for practical engineering in tunnel groups.


Multi-tunnels Anisotropy Ground loss Numerical simulate Clay 



This research project is financially supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (41372285 and 51579179).


  1. 1.
    Do, N.A., Dias, D., Oreste, P.: Three-dimensional numerical simulation of mechanized twin stacked tunnels in soft ground. Tunn. Undergr. Space Technol. 42, 40–51 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zhang, Z., Huang, M.: Geotechnical influence on existing subway tunnels induced by multiline tunneling in Shanghai soft soil. Comput. Geotech. 56, 21–32 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gang, Z., Yu, D., Xue-Song, C., et al.: Safety control of supported deep excavation and underground engineering and the impact on surrounding environment (2015)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cui, Q.-L., Wu, H.-N., Shen, S.-L., Yin, Z.-Y., Horpibulsuk, S.: Protection of neighbour buildings due to construction of shield tunnel in mixed ground with sand over weathered granite. Environ. Earth Sci. 75, 458 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wu, H.-N., Shen, S.-L., Liao, S.-M., Yin, Z.-Y.: Longitudinal structural modelling of shield tunnels considering shearing dislocation between segmental rings. Tunn. Undergr. Space Technol. 50, 317–323 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jiang, M., Yin, Z.-Y.: Influence of soil conditioning on ground deformation during longitudinal tunneling. C.R. Mec. 342, 189–197 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Li, P., Du, S.-J., Ma, X.-F., Yin, Z.-Y., Shen, S.-L.: Centrifuge investigation into the effect of new shield tunnelling on an existing underlying large-diameter tunnel. Tunn. Undergr. Space Technol. 42, 59–66 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Shen, S.-L., Wu, H.-N., Cui, Y.-J., Yin, Z.-Y.: Long-term settlement behaviour of metro tunnels in the soft deposits of Shanghai. Tunn. Undergr. Space Technol. 40, 309–323 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jiang, M., Yin, Z.-Y.: Analysis of stress redistribution in soil and earth pressure on tunnel lining using the discrete element method. Tunn. Undergr. Space Technol. 32, 251–259 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Xiao, X., Zhang, M.X., Hui-ming, W.U., et al.: Numerical simulation analysis on ground settlements caused by multi-line shield tunnel. Chin. J. Undergr. Space Eng. 07(5), 884–889 (2011)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zhang, D., Huang, Z., Yin, Z., Ran, L., Huang, H.: Predicting the grouting effect on leakage-induced tunnels and ground response in saturated soils. Tunn. Undergr. Space Technol. 65, 76–90 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Masin, D., Herle, I.: Numerical analyses of a tunnel in London clay using different constitutive models. In: Geotechnical Aspects of Underground Construction in Soft Ground (2005)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Addenbrooke, T.I., Shin, J.H.: A numerical study of the effect of groundwater movement on long-term tunnel behaviour. Géotechnique. 52, 391–403 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Zdravkovic, L.: Modelling of a 3D excavation in finite element analysis. Géotechnique. 55, 497–513 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Standing, J., Potts, D., Vollum, R., Burland, J., Tsiampousi, A., Afshan, S., et al.: Investigating the effect of tunnelling on existing tunnels (2015)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Divall, S., Goodey, R.J.: Twin-tunnelling-induced ground movements in clay. Proc. Inst. Civ. Eng.: Geotech. Eng. 168, 247–256 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Mair, R.J.: Centrifuge modelling of tunnel construction in soft clay. Cambridge University, Cambridge (1969)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hang, J., Zhang, D.L.: Numerical simulation of stratum deformation above overlapping metro tunnel. Chin. J. Undergr. Space Eng. 24(12), 2176–2182 (2005)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Wheeler, S.J., Näätänen, A., Karstunen, M., Lojander, M.: An anisotropic elastoplastic model for soft clays. Can. Geotech. J. 40, 403–418 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Atkinson, J.H., Richardson, D., Robinson, P.J.: Compression and extension of K0 normally consolidated kaolin clay. J. Geotech. Eng. 113, 1468–1482 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Hibbitt, Karlsson, Sorensen: ABAQUS/Standard: User’s Manual. Hibbitt, Karlsson & Sorensen (1998)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ortiz, M., Simo, J.: An analysis of a new class of integration algorithms for elastoplastic constitutive relations. Int. J. Numer. Methods Eng. 23, 353–366 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Lee, K.M., Rowe, R.K., Lo, K.Y.: Subsidence owing to tunnelling. I. Estimating the gap parameter. Can. Geotech. J. 29, 929–940 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bing-Qing Zhu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yin-Fu Jin
    • 3
  • Zhen-Yu Yin
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Dong-Mei Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hong-Wei Huang
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Geotechnical Engineering, College of Civil EngineeringTongji UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Geotechnical and Underground Engineering of Ministry of EducationTongji UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Research Institute of Civil Engineering and Mechanics (GeM), UMR CNRS 6183, Ecole Centrale de NantesNantesFrance

Personalised recommendations