Tectonics Dominated Hypogene Karst Geo-Hazard Mechanism Models in China’s Tunnel Construction

  • Jianxiu Wang
  • Linbo Wu
  • Wuji Liu
  • Tao Cui
  • Yu Zhao
  • Yao Yin
  • Xiaotian Liu
Conference paper


Hypogene karst was believed to develop only in small scale in China. However, in construction of China’s deep tunnels, large-scale hypogene karst and corresponding geo-hazards were encountered frequently. The hypogene karst uncovered by deep tunnel construction probably induce water inrushes, mud bursts, karst collapses and even geo-hazards chains. Understanding the potential geo-hazard mechanism induced by hypogene karst is significant for both karst tunnel construction and hypogene karst evolution research. Typical cases of hypogene karst geo-hazards encountered during construction of China’s deep tunnels such as Zhongliangshan tunnel group, Yuanliangshan tunnel, Yesanguan tunnel and Dayaoshan tunnel, were presented. Large-scale fold controlling model, large-scale water-rich fault model and complex tectonic deformation model based on tectonic deformation patterns and intensity were proposed and analyzed for the mechanisms of geo-hazards of hypogene karst in the tunnel construction. It can act as a model reference for hypogene karst geo-hazards prevention and control in karst tunnel construction.


Hypogene karst Deep tunnel Geo-hazard chain Mechanism mode 



This work is supported by the research grant (2014CB046900) from National Key Basic Research Program of China, GDUE Open Funding (SKLGDUEK1417), LSMP Open Funding (KLLSMP201403, KLLSMP201404), the Key Discipline Construction Program of Shanghai (Geological Engineering, No. B308) and the Foundation of China Railway No. 2 Engineering Group Co., Ltd. (No. 201218).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jianxiu Wang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Linbo Wu
    • 1
  • Wuji Liu
    • 1
  • Tao Cui
    • 1
  • Yu Zhao
    • 1
  • Yao Yin
    • 1
  • Xiaotian Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Civil EngineeringTongji UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Geotechnical and Underground Engineering of Ministry of EducationTongji UniversityShanghaiChina
  3. 3.CCCC Key Laboratory of Environment Protection and Safety in Foundation Engineering of TransportationGuangzhouChina

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