Effect of Cold Drawing on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of 410 Martensite Stainless Steel Wire

  • Haonan Yu
  • Renbo SongEmail author
  • Yao Tan
  • Tianyi Wang
  • Lun Li
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


The microstructure and mechanical properties of 410 martensite stainless steel wire during the cold drawing process have been investigated by means of universal testing machine, optical microscope (OM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) techniques. The results showed that the microstructure of 410 stainless steel was consisted of martensite and ferrite. During the cold drawing, when the wire was drawn from a diameter of 7.5 mm to a diameter of 5.0 mm, the average grain size decreased from 22.7 to 13.8 μm, the tensile strength increased from 504 to 741 MPa, elongation decreased from 38.2 to 13.1%. The strain hardening of the steel wire could be divided into two stages. In the first stage, the n value increased gradually and peaked at 0.85 which was associated with the plastic deformation of ferrite. In the second stage, the n value decreased to 0.25 which was associated with plastic deformation of martensite and the declined compatibility of the duplex phase. Moreover, the workhardening mechanism was discussed. The main work-hardening mechanism of 410 steel wire during the cold drawing process is fine grain strengthening and dislocation strengthening. When the steel wire was drawn from a diameter of 7.5 mm to a diameter of 5.0 mm, the strengthening benefit increased by 46.8 MPa and the dislocation strengthening increased by 173 MPa.


410 martensite stainless steel wire Cold drawing Work-hardening 


  1. 1.
    J. Yao, J. Liu, Y. Jia et al., Forming mechanism and control for longitudinal cracks on continuous casting billet of 1Cr13 semi-martensite stainless steel. Hebei Metall. 04, 18–22 (2014)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    B. Xintao, Development trend of stainless steel. Heat Treat. (04), 5–9 (2007)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    X. Jimei, The metal problem of stainless steel. Metallurgical Industry Press (2006), pp. 155–286Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. Vafaeian, A. Fattah-Alhosseini, Y. Mazaheri et al., On the study of tensile and strain hardening behavior of a thermomechanically treated ferritic stainless steel. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 669, 480–489 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    X. Kangping, Z. Meng, Study on microstructure and mechanical properties of ultrafine stainless steel microfilament during drawing. J. Nanchang Univ. (02), 173–177 (2008)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    L. Jiang, K. Feng, Z. Guo et al., Research on performance contrast between 321 stainless steel and 410 stainless steel. Hot Working Technol. 41(6), 124–126 (2012)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    S.A. JenabaliJahromi, A. Khajeh, B. Mahmoudi, Effect of different pre-heat treatment processes on the hardness of AISI 410 martensitic stainless steels surface-treated using pulsed neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet laser. Mater. Des. 34, 857–862 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sokol. Duplex stainless steel. Atomic Energy Publishing House, Beijing (1979) p. 108Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    G. Liu, B. Wang, X. Shi et al., Research present situation of work-hardening and evolution of microstructure and mechanical properties of cold drawing pearlitic steel wires. Mater. Rev. S2, 204–207 (2008)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    M.C. Tsai, C.S. Chou, J.S. Du et al., Phase transformation in AISI 410 stainless steel. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 332(1–2), 1–10 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    L. Chen, R.B. Song, F.Q. Yang et al., Working hardening mechanism and aging treatment behaviors of D631 precipitation hardening stainless steel wire. Mater. Sci. Forum 788, 362–366 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    H. Yu, Study on strain strengthening technology and properties of austenitic stainless steel. J. Mech. Eng. 2, 87–92 (2012)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Haonan Yu
    • 1
  • Renbo Song
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yao Tan
    • 1
  • Tianyi Wang
    • 1
  • Lun Li
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of Science and Technology BeijingBeijingChina
  2. 2.Anshan Steel Group Corporation Limited, East Anshan Sintering PlantAnshanChina

Personalised recommendations