Advertisement

Technic Study on Polycrystalline Cubic Boron Nitride Tools Dry Cutting Harden GCr15 Based on the Finite Element Analysis and the Orthogonal Experiment

  • Yunhai Jia
  • Shaoning Lv
  • Lixin Zhu
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)

Abstract

Polycrystalline cubic boron nitride cutting tools in hard dry precision cutting bearing steel has got more and more widely used, on account of their higher hardness, high wear resistance and high temperature red hardness. It is set as an example that the GCr15 rod is dry hard turned with welded PcBN cutting tools. In the present study, the temperature distribution cloud and equivalent stress distribution nephogram of PcBN tool rake surface were obtained by using the finite element simulation analysis method under different processing parameters. Then reasonable processing parameters of dry hard-turning were obtained by comparison and analysis. Based on orthogonal experiment design, the appropriate parameters such as cutting speed, cutting depth and feed rate were given in taking surface roughness of the workpiece and the tool flank wear as the evaluation indexes. The result of the turning test was as same as that of the finite element analysis, which confirms the validity of the finite element analysis. The experiments and finite element analysis results showed that the equivalent low stress, workpiece ideal surface roughness and the smaller flank wear of cutting tool could be obtained in which the cutting speed was at 200 m/min, the cut depth was 0.20 mm and the feed rate was 0.15 mm/rev. This research provides an important experimental basis for a reasonable formulation of the process of dry turning ball bearing steel.

Keywords

Polycrystalline cubic Boron Nitride (PcBN) cutting tools Dry cutting Finite element analysis (FEA) Orthogonal experiment design Technic study 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research is supported by Beijing Natural Science Foundation the Grant No. 3162013. The authors also would like to thank the anonymous reviewers whose comments helped to improve the structure and readability of the paper.

References

  1. 1.
    A. Jose, A.E. Diniz, D.J. Ursolino, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 209, 5262–5270 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    G. Poulachon, B.P. Bandyopadhyay, I.S. Jawahir, Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf. 43, 139–144 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    L. Qian, M.R. Hossan, Effect on cutting force in turning hardened tool steels with cubic boron nitride inserts. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 191, 274–278 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    H. Aouici, M.A. Yallese, K. Chaoui, Analysis of surface roughness and cutting force components in hard turning with CBN tool: prediction model and cutting conditions optimization. Measurement 3, 344–353 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Y.C. Yen, A. Jain, T. Altan, A finite element analysis of orthogonal machining using different tool edge geometries. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 146, 72–81 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. Kurt, U. Şeker, Mater. Des. 26, 351–356 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Y. Karpat, T. Ozel, 3-D FEA of hard turning: investigation of PCBN cutting tool micro-geometry effects. Trans. NAMRI/SME 35, 1–8 (2007)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    E. Uhlmann, J.A. Oyanedel Fuentes, M. Keunecke, Thin Solid Films 518, 1451–1454 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Y. Jia, J. Li, Mechanism study on the wear of polycrystalline cubic boron nitride cutting tools. Proc. SPIE 7997, 79970E 1–8 (2010)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Beijing Institute of Electro-MachiningBeijingChina
  2. 2.Beijing Key Laboratory of Electrical Discharge Machining TechnologyBeijingChina
  3. 3.China University of Mining and Technology (Beijing)BeijingChina

Personalised recommendations