Enhanced Mechanical Properties of Al7075 Alloy with Graphene Nanoplates Prepared by Ball Milling and Hot Extrusion

  • Teng Wang
  • Yitan Zhang
  • Guodong Li
  • Chaoli Ma
  • Wenlong Xiao
Conference paper


In this study, Graphene Nanoplates/Al7075 (GNPs/Al7075) composites were prepared by powder metallurgy and hot extrusion. And the microstructure and mechanical behavior of GNPs/Al7075 composites prepared by ball-milling and hot extrusion were investigated. Compared with the unreinforced Al7075 matrix, these composites possess significantly improved stiffness and tensile strength.


Ball milling Graphene nanoplates Aluminum composites Powder metallurgy 



The authors are grateful to the financial support by National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC, No. 51671007, 51671012 and 51401010) and International Science and Technology Cooperation Program of China (2015DFA51430) to carry out this work.


  1. 1.
    Genlian Fan, Ziyun Yu, et al. Evolution, Control, and Effects of Interface in CNT/Al Composites: a Review. Acta Metall. Sin. (Engl. Lett.), 27(5) (2014) 839–843.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Q. Xu, R. Hayes, W. Hunt, E. Lavernia, Mechanical properties and fracture behavior of layered 6061/SiCp composites produced by spray atomization and co-deposition, Acta Mater. 47 (1998) 43–53.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. Corrochano, M. Lieblich, et al. On the role of matrix grain size and particulate reinforcement on the hardness of powder metallurgy Al–Mg–Si/MoSi2 composites, Compos. Sci. Technol. 69 (2009) 1818–1824.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Qiang Shen, Chuandong Wu, et al. Microstructure and mechanical properties of Al-7075/B4C composites fabricated by plasma activated sintering, J. Alloy. Compd. 588 (2014) 265–270.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    S.C. Tjong, Recent progress in the development and properties of novel metal matrix nanocomposites reinforced with carbon nanotubes and graphene nanosheets, Mater. Sci. Eng. R 74 (10) (2013) 281–350.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    S.R. Bakshi, D. Lahiri, A. Agarwal, Carbon nanotube reinforced metal matrix composites - a review, Int. Mater. Rev. 55 (1) (2013) 41–64.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. Nieto, A. Bisht, D. Lahiri, C. Zhang, A. Agarwal, Graphene reinforced metal and ceramic matrix composites: a review, Int. Mater. Rev. (2016) 1–62.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Novoselov KS, Geim AK, Morozov SV, et al. Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films. Science. 306 (2004) 666–669.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Choi W, Lahiri I, Seelaboyina R, et al. Synthesis of graphene and its applications: a review. Crit Rev Solid State Mater Sci. 35 (2010) 52–71.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wei D, Liu Y. Controllable synthesis of graphene and its applications. Adv Mater. 22 (2010) 3225–3241.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Avouris P, Dimitrakopoulos C. Graphene: synthesis and applications. Mater Today. 15 (2012) 86–97.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Jia X, Campos-Delgado J, Terrones M, et al. Graphene edges: a review of their fabrication and characterization. Nanoscale. 3 (2011) 86–95.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Huang X, Yin Z, Wu S, et al. Graphene-based materials: synthesis, characterization, properties, and applications. Small. 7 (2011) 1876–1902.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Edwards RS, Coleman KS. Graphene synthesis: relationship to applications. Nanoscale. 4 (2013) 38–51.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bakshi, S.; Lahiri, D.; Agarwal, Carbon nanotube reinforced mental matrix composites-a review A. Int. Mater. Rev. 55(1) (2010) 41–64.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Chawla, K. K. Metal Matrix Composites; Wiley Online Library:New York, 41(3) (2006) 913–925.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    W.D. Callister. D.G. Rethwisch, Materials Science and Engineering: An Introduction, Wiley, New York, 2007.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    B. Chen, K. Kondoh, et al. Simultaneously enhancing strength and ductility of carbon nanotube/aluminum composites by improving bonding conditions. Scr. Mater. 113 (2016) 158–162.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Energy and Power EngineeringBeihang UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Aerospace Advanced Materials and Performance of Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and EngineeringBeihang UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations