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Effects of Mn Content on Microstructure and Hardness of 6061 Aluminum Alloy

  • Xingyu Ding
  • Yongqi Cheng
  • Peng Zhang
  • Yong Dong
  • Zhengrong Yao
  • Peisong Jiang
Conference paper

Abstract

Microalloying is an effective way to improve material properties. By means of scanning electron microscope/energy spectrum, X-ray diffraction, metallographic analysis and hardness tests, the effects of microalloying element Mn on as-cast, homogenization, aging microstructure and hardness were investigated in the basic of 6061 aluminum alloy. The results showed that the as-cast 6061 alloy consisted of the primary Al, the irregular strip-shaped Al8(FeMn)2Si phases, fishbone-shaped Al5(FeMn)Si phases and Mg2Si phases. Through microalloying, the morphology of phases transformed from irregular strip into fishbone obviously as Mn content increased. After homogenization process, Mg2Si phase dissolved into the alloy matrix but iron-rich phase cannot. With the increase of Mn content, the phase transformation of fishbone-shaped Al5(FeMn)Si to particle-shaped Al8(FeMn)2Si occurred. During solution-aging treatment, higher Mn content could promote the precipitation of stable phase β(Mg2Si). Mn had a significant effect on the morphology of the crystalline phases which had a direct influence on the hardness of aluminum alloy. It was found that the addition of 0.24 wt% Mn to 6061 aluminum alloy could make the as-cast and aging alloys achieve the maximum hardness value 67 and 105 HBW, respectively.

Keywords

6061 aluminum alloy Constituent Hardness Mn 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51205065), Guangdong special fund for public welfare research and capacity building (2016A010103032), and Guangdong applied science and technology research and development special fund project (2015B090926006), innovative training program for college students (201611845025).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xingyu Ding
    • 1
  • Yongqi Cheng
    • 1
  • Peng Zhang
    • 1
  • Yong Dong
    • 1
  • Zhengrong Yao
    • 1
  • Peisong Jiang
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Material and Energy EngineeringGuangdong University of TechnologyGuangzhouChina

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