Influence of Health Service Infrastructure on the Infant Mortality Rate: An Econometric Analysis of Indian States

  • C. Arun
  • Sangita Khare
  • Deepa Gupta
  • Amalendu Jyotishi
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 801)


This study is intended to identify the influence of health service infrastructure, including drinking water and sanitation provision on the infant mortality rate, thus facilitate the informed spending decision by the government. The study also provides an insight into how the states fares in India, cluster on these parameters with respect to the Infant Mortality Rate. The study involves analysis of the pooled data of each state from the census surveys of 2001, 2011 and the latest NFHS-4 data pertaining to the year 2015–16. In this paper OLS regression and K-Means clustering methods are used to arrive at results. The results indicate that provision of Community Health Centers (CHC) and Sanitation facilities among other variables play a crucial part in reducing the infant mortality rate. The clustering of the variables at three different points of time suggest very few states move out of one cluster to another, indicating very few states move out of their reference status in terms of improvement or deterioration.


Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) NFHS Econometric analysis India 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Amrita Vishwa VidyapeethamBengaluruIndia

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