Design and Development of Therapeutic Aid Tools using Human-Machine Interaction Approach for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

  • Rozaimi Ghazali
  • Chong Chee Soon
  • Syed Najmuddin Syed Hassan
  • Norhaya Sulaiman
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 739)


The development of human–machine interaction as teaching and therapeutic aid tools for therapist as well as parents of children with various levels of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been widely developed amongst the researchers and academician. The technology enhancement by integrating robotics and automation is purposely established to provide assistance for children with ASD that suffer from brain development, social interaction, communication skill, and cognitive function. Therefore, this paper presents the development and evaluation of the therapeutic aid tools through human-machine interaction approaches. Apart from attracting the children with ASD to participate in rehabilitation and learning process, these tools are purposely designed to encourage children with ASD to learn and react using the various interactive physical games. In the evaluation process, the completion time has been recorded in the continuation of three attempts for the comparison purpose. As a result, the combination of technology in this therapeutic aid tools will enhance the level of thinking and elevate the activities during the therapy process. As a conclusion, different methods can be enhanced to support children with ASD through the existing technologies and thus provide new alternatives in therapy process.


Learning Devices Therapeutic Aid Tools Autism Spectrum Disorder Human-Machine Interaction Robotics and Automation in Rehabilitation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rozaimi Ghazali
    • 1
  • Chong Chee Soon
    • 1
  • Syed Najmuddin Syed Hassan
    • 2
  • Norhaya Sulaiman
    • 3
  1. 1.Centre for Robotics and Industrial Automation, Faculty of Electrical EngineeringUniversiti Teknikal Malaysia MelakaDurian TunggalMalaysia
  2. 2.Centre for Languages and Human DevelopmentUniversiti Teknikal Malaysia MelakaDurian TunggalMalaysia
  3. 3.The National Autism Society of Malaysia (NASOM Melaka)Bukit PeringgitMalaysia

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