Influence of Experience on Model Making of “House” by Elementary School 2nd to 3rd Graders: Difference in Security Sense Depending on Existence of Experience

  • Shoichiro Sendai
  • Keishiro Hashimoto
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 739)


This paper aims to consider the influence of experience on modeling of “house”. As a method, we held the workshops of modeling a secure house at 1/20 scale. In the first year, we held with second graders (31 persons) of elementary school. In the second year, we held with third graders (32 persons). Half of the third graders experienced the workshop at first year. As analysis, we focus on setting, floor level, kind of structure, covering way and landscape in a model, and classified respectively. Moreover, we analyzed children’s description with KJ method. As a result, the experienced children tended to make rah-men structure houses and window, and write descriptions related to daily life. The inexperienced children tended to make tent structure models, use coverings roughly and write descriptions about isolation from the exterior. Demanding low-level floor and stable structure as the most important elements in inner space was common among all the children. In conclusion, we can say that the experience of space creation influences the expression of security sense.


Model making Children Workshop 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Takamasu, Y.: A Study on Architectual Design Education for Children And Students – The development of the 3-dimentional model house as an architectural design tool, AIJ J.Technol. Des. No. 17, 515-520 (2003).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Takagi, Y.: Design Worlds that Children Draw and their Creativity –Study on Process of Children’s Discovery and Creation in Designing Space for Learning (Part 1), Kinki chap-ter, Architectural Institute of Japan (AIJ), Vol. 55, No. 5048, 189-192 (2015).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hagiwara, M.: Development of Child’s Spatial Conception on The House Representation, AIJ Technol. Des. No. 64, 153-158 (1999).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ito, T.: Ito Toyoo’s Architectural Private School for Children, Japan: LIXIL Publishing (2015).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Suzuki, A.: Building and Playing with Children, Japan: Architecture and City Work-shop (2007).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Suzuki, K.: Architectural Design by Children - a school, a hospital and town planning, Ja-pan: Rural Culture Association Japan (2006).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    V. Lowenfeld: Creative and mental growth, UK: Macmillan (1970).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate SchoolHiroshima UniversityHiroshimaJapan

Personalised recommendations