Stage III Norwood Surgery: Fontan Operation

  • Yu Guo WengEmail author
  • Bin Qiao


The extracardiac conduit total cavopulmonary connection and the intra-atrial lateral tunnel total cavopulmonary connection are the usual forms of the Stage III Norwood surgery. The intra- and extracardiac Fontan operation is another promising procedure, but is not covered in this book.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. and People's Medical Publishing House Co. Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.German Heart Center (Berlin)BerlinGermany
  2. 2.Cardiovascular Institute, General Hospital of Jinan Military RegionJinanChina
  3. 3.Cardiac Surgery Center, Western District of Shandong Provincial HospitalJinanChina

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