Advertisement

Micro-phasor Measurement Units (μPMUs) and Its Applications in Smart Distribution Systems

  • Alok Jain
  • Suman Bhullar
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 487)

Abstract

The installation of phasor measurement units (PMUs) in the power grids is mainly focused on the transmission systems. Researchers are continuously working on the PMUs for its installation in the transmission system. But, now due to the advancement in distribution system, i.e., for smart distribution system, a device is going to be installed which creates real-time synchrophasor data from the consumer voltage level, called μPMUs, which could provide new insight into modern power systems. These units can be created more cheaply, an order of magnitude less, than current commercial PMUs. For this reason, many more μPMUs could be deployed and provide a much higher resolution of the distribution grid. So, in this paper, the concepts like why we need micro-PMUs and its block diagram are explained. This paper also discusses the applications for synchrophasor technology in distribution systems.

Keywords

Discrete Fourier transform (DFT) Global positioning system (GPS) μPMU PDCs WAMS 

References

  1. 1.
    Meliopoulos APS, Zhang F (1996) Multiphase power flow and state estimation for power distribution systems. IEEE Trans Power Sys 11(2):939–946Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zhao L, Abur A (2005) Multiarea state estimation using synchronized phasor measurements. IEEE Trans Power Syst 20(2):456–462Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zhou M, Centeno VA, Thorp JS, Phadke AG (2006) An alternative for including phasor measurements in state estimators. IEEE Trans Power Syst 21(4):1930–1937CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Skok S, Ivankovic I, Cerina Z (2007) Applications based on PMU technology for improved power system utilization. In: IEEE power engineering society general meetingGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Tate JE, Overbye TJ (2008) Line outage detection using phasor angle measurements. IEEE Trans Power Syst 23(4):1644–1652CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Carta A, Locci N, Muscas C, Sulis S (2008) A flexible GPS-based system for synchronized phasor measurement in electric distribution networks. IEEE Trans Instrum Meas 57(11):2450–2456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Carta A, Locci N, Muscas C (2009) A PMU for the measurement of synchronized harmonic phasors in three-phase distribution networks. IEEE Trans Instrum Meas 58(10):3723–3730CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    De La Ree J, Centeno V, Thorp JS, Phadke AG (2010) Synchronized phasor measurement applications in power systems. IEEE Trans Smart Grid 1(1):20–27Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Heydt GT (2010) The next generation of power distribution systems. IEEE Trans Smart Grid 1(3):225–235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Naumann A, Komarnicki P, Powalko M, Styczynski ZA, Blumschein J, Kereit M (2010) Experience with PMUs in industrial distribution networks. In: Power and energy society general meeting. IEEEGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wache M, Murray DC (2011) Application of synchrophasor measurements for distribution networks. In: Power and energy society general meeting. IEEEGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Rihan M, Ahmad M, Beg MS (2011) Phasor measurement units in the indian smart grid. In: Innovative smart grid technologies India (ISGT India). IEEE PESGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Chenine M, Vanfretti L, Bengtsson S, Nordström L (2011) Implementation of an experimental wide-area monitoring platform for development of synchronized phasor measurement applications. In: Power and energy society general meeting. IEEEGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ding F, Booth CD (2011) Applications of PMUs in power distribution networks with distributed generation. In: Proceedings of the 46th international universities’ power engineering conference (UPEC)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bahabadi HB, Mirzaei A, Moallem M (2011) Optimal placement of phasor measurement units for harmonic state estimation in unbalanced distribution system using genetic algorithms. In: 21st International conference on systems engineering (ICSEng)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Alinejad B, Akbari M, Kazemi H (2012) PMU-Based distribution network load modeling using harmony search algorithm. In: Proceedings of 17th conference on electrical power distribution networks (EPDC)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ding F, Booth CD (2012) Protection and stability assessment in future distribution networks using PMUs. In: 11th International conference on developments in power systems protection, DPSPGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Sánchez-Ayala G, Agüero JR, Elizondo D, Lelic M (2013) Current trends on applications of PMUs in distribution systems. In: Proceedings of innovative smart grid technologies. IEEE, Washington, DC, pp 1–6Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Vipin Krishna R, Ashok S, Krishnan MG (2014) Synchronized phasor measurement unit. In: Proceedings of IEEE international conference on power, signals, controls and computation, Kerala, pp 1–6Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Aminifar F, Shahidehpour M, Fotuhi-Firuzabad M, Kamalinia S (2014) Power system dynamic state estimation with synchronized phasor measurements. IEEE Trans Instrum Meas 63(2):352–363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Colangelo D, Zanni L, Pignati M, Romano P (2015) Architecture and characterization of a calibrator for PMUs operating in power distribution systems. In: IEEE International conference on PowerTech, Eindhoven, pp 1–6Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology (BHU)VaranasiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Electrical & Instrumentation EngineeringThapar UniversityPunjabIndia

Personalised recommendations