TH-LEACH: Threshold Value and Heterogeneous Nodes-Based Energy-Efficient LEACH Protocol

  • Pratima SarkarEmail author
  • Chinmoy KarEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 88)


Sensor nodes are used to measure ambient of environment. Sensor network can be defined as a collection of sensor nodes, which senses the environment and sends information to the base station. These types of networks are facing problems related to energy dissemination. LEACH (Low Energy Adaptive Cluster Hierarchy) protocol is one of the most suitable protocols used for communication in a sensor network. LEACH protocol is a cluster-based protocol, in which each cluster consists of multiple nodes and one cluster head node. The cluster head aggregates all the information from other nodes in the cluster and conveys it to the base station. In LEACH protocol, cluster head selection is performed in each round at the cost of some amount of energy. In our proposed solution, the energy consumption for electing cluster head in every round is circumvent. This can be achieved by threshold value-based cluster formation. The proposed method reduces the overhead of forming cluster in every round, which helps in reduction of energy consumption. As a result of the work, the performance of proposed solution is compared among a variety of LEACH protocols with respect to lifetime of the network.


LEACH Energy efficient Wireless sensor network 


  1. 1.
    Heinzelman, W.R., Chandrakasan, A., Balakrishnan, H.: Energy-efficient communication protocol for wireless microsensor networks. In: Proceedings of the Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, pp. 2–10. IEEE, Maui, Hawaii (2000)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Li, Y., Nan, Y., Zhang, W., Zhao, W., You, X., Daneshmand, M.: Enhancing the performance of LEACH protocol in wireless sensor networks. In: IEEE Infocom 2011Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gupta, V., Pandey, R.: Modified LEACH-dt algorithm with hierarchical extension for wireless sensor networks. Int. J. Comput. Netw. Inf. Sec. 2, 32–40 (2016)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bakaraniya, Parul, Mehta, Sheetal: K-LEACH: an improved LEACH protocol for life-time improvement in WSN. Int. J. Eng. Trends Technol. (IJETT) 4(5), 1521–1526 (2013)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Said, B.A., Abderrahim, E.A., Hssane, B., Hasanoui, M.L.: Improved and balanced LEACH for heterogeneous wireless sensor networks. Int. J. Comput. Sci. Eng. 2(8), 2633–2640 (2010)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kumar, N., Kaur, J.: Improved LEACH (I-LEACH) protocol for wireless sensor networks. IEEE (2011)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sivakumar, B., Sowmya, B.: An energy efficient clustering with delay reduction in data gathering (EE-CDRDG) using mobile sensor node. Wireless Pers. Commun. 90(2), P793–782 (2016)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chen, J.: Improvement of LEACH routing algorithm based on use of balanced energy in wireless sensor. In: International Conference on Intelligent Computing ICIC 2011, pp. 71–76. Advanced Intelligent Computing (2011)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ran, G., Zhang, H., Gong, S.: Improving on LEACH protocol of wireless sensor networks using fuzzy logic. J. Inf. Comput. Sci. 7(5), 67–77 (2010)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bajelan, M., Bakhshi H.: An adaptive LEACH-based clustering algorithm for wireless sensor networks. J. Commun. Eng. 2(4), (2013)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Xinhua, W., Sheng, W.: Performance comparison of LEACH and LEACH-C protocols by NS2. In: 2010 Ninth International Symposium on Distributed Computing and Applications to Business, Engineering and Science, pp. 254–258 (2010)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    So-In, C., Udompongsuk, K., Phudphut, C., Rujirakul, K., Khunboa, C.: Performance evaluation of leach on cluster head selection techniques in wireless sensor networks. In: The 9th International Conference on Computing and Information Technology (IC2IT2013). Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol. 209. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2013)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mehta, R., Pandey, A., Kapadia, P.: Reforming clusters using C-LEACH in wireless sensor networks. In: International Conference on Computer Communication and Informatics, pp. 1–4. IEEE Press, India (2012)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Pantazis, N.A., Nikolidakis, S.A., Vergados, D.D.: Energy-efficient routing protocols in wireless sensor networks: a survey. IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutor. 15(2), 1–41 (2012)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Mahapatra, R.P., Yadav, R.K.: Descendant of LEACH based routing protocols in wireless sensor networks. Procedia Compu. Sci. 57, 1005–1014 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sikkim Manipal Institute of TechnologySikkimIndia

Personalised recommendations