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Whole Effluent Toxicity: Tool for Risk Assessment and Management of Hazardous Chemicals in Watershed Area

  • Hiroshi Yamamoto
Chapter

Abstract

The number of chemical compounds used by human activities has continuously been growing, but the risk assessment/management of hazardous chemicals is usually based on individual compound, and the risk of unknown/unregulated compounds and mixture effects are ignored. Thus, whole effluent toxicity using aquatic organisms has been used for effluents of factories and municipal wastewater treatment plants in some countries such as the USA, Canada, Germany, and South Korea. In this section, the bioassay protocol proposed in Japan is introduced, and some results obtained from the application to the selected effluents and watershed areas are presented.

Keywords

Algae Ambient water Daphnia Ecotoxicity Fish embryo 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institute for Environmental StudiesTsukubaJapan

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