Connecting the Gap Between Formal and Informal Attributes Within Formal Learning with Data Mining Techniques

  • Shivanshi GoelEmail author
  • A. Sai Sabitha
  • Abhay Bansal
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 711)


Formal and informal attributes are two distinct forms of learning which famed on the basis of the learning content, by where, when, and how learning happened. Formal attributes is a traditional learning which has official course work which should be completed in specified time. This study aimed at evaluating the challenges that students face while working for achieving good grades in exams. Data mining techniques are used to identify the challenges. The methods of collection working in this study were qualitative which involved testing and comparing.


Formal attributes Informal attributes Data mining Rapid miner PCA K-Means clustering 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of CSEAmity University NoidaNoidaIndia
  2. 2.Amity University NoidaNoidaIndia

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