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Shoot Organogenesis of Aloe Plants with Emphasis on TDZ

  • Thayamini H. Seran
  • Naseem Ahmad
Chapter

Abstract

Aloe species particularly Aloe vera (L.) is a potential crop in pharmaceutical, cosmetic and food industries. As a result of increasing demand for aloe, large-scale plant production is needed for commercial cultivation. Hence, in vitro plant propagation is necessary for its commercial production due to male sterility and limited number of conventionally produced propagules. In aloe in vitro propagation, adenine-type cytokinins, particularly BAP, are mostly used for shoot organogenesis. According to the literature survey, TDZ at low concentration is required for a short period to induce multiple shoot buds than BAP. However, TDZ is not commonly used in aloe plant production although TDZ has been used in plant tissue culture of the other medicinal plant and horticultural crop species. Hence, it could be incorporated into culture medium even with other cytokinins, normally BAP, at appropriate concentration. Addition of auxins particularly IAA and NAA may enhance the initiation of shoots. Thus, TDZ would utilize in aloe in vitro clonal propagation technique which is useful in mass plant production, genetic transformation and germplasm conservation for international germplasm exchange.

Keywords

Aloe plant BAP In vitro culture Plant propagation TDZ 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Crop Science, Faculty of AgricultureEastern UniversityChenkaladySri Lanka
  2. 2.Department of BotanyAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia

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