Rotation Invariant Digit Recognition Using Convolutional Neural Network

  • Ayushi Jain
  • Gorthi R. K. Sai Subrahmanyam
  • Deepak Mishra
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 703)


Deep learning architectures use a set of layers to learn hierarchical features from the input. The learnt features are discriminative, and thus can be used for classification tasks. Convolutional neural networks (CNNs) are one of the widely used deep learning architectures. CNN extracts prominent features from the input by passing it through the layers of convolution and nonlinear activation. These features are invariant to scaling and small amount of distortions in the input image, but they offer rotation invariance only for smaller degrees of rotation. We propose an idea of using multiple instance of CNN to enhance the overall rotation invariant capabilities of the architecture even for higher degrees of rotation in the input image. The architecture is then applied to handwritten digit classification and captcha recognition. The proposed method requires less number of images for training, and therefore reduces the training time. Moreover, our method offers an additional advantage of finding the approximate orientation of the object in an image, without any additional computational complexity.


Convolutional neural networks Rotation invariance Digit recognition LeNet 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ayushi Jain
    • 1
  • Gorthi R. K. Sai Subrahmanyam
    • 2
  • Deepak Mishra
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AvionicsIndian Institute of Space Science & TechnologyTrivandrumIndia
  2. 2.Department of Electrical EngineeringIndian Institute of TechnologyTirupatiIndia

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