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Bioconversion of Hemicelluloses

Chapter

Abstract

Hemicellulose comprises about 25–30% of the lignocellulosic biomass and is the second most abundant polysaccharide after cellulose. These are heterogeneous polymer of pentoses hexoses and sugar acids. Xylans is the major component of hemicellulose and are heteropolysaccharides with homopolymeric backbone chains of 1,4 linked β-d-xylopyranose units. In recent years, bioconversion of hemicelluloses has received much attention because of its practical applications in various agro-industrial processes. This chapter presents bioconversion of hemicelluloses to value-added products.

Keywords

Hemicellulose Cellulose Biomass Bioconversion  Biorefinery Biofuels Pretreatment Saccharification Fermentation Ethanol, Furfural, Xylitol 2,3-butanediol Organic acids Butanol Biohydrogen Chitosan Xylooligosaccharides Ferulic acid Vanillin Fermentation substrate Enzymes Value-added product 

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pulp and Paper ConsultantKanpurIndia

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