Part of the Advances in Industrial Control book series (AIC)


Process control is the study and the application of automatic control in the field of chemical engineering. The main purpose of process control is to control a process at the desired operating conditions, safely and efficiently maintaining the environmental and product quality requirements.


  1. Åström KJ, Hägglund T (1984) Automatic tuning of simple regulators with specifications on phase and amplitude margins. Automatica 20(5):645–651MathSciNetCrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  2. Atherton DP (1975) Non linear control engineering. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., LondonMATHGoogle Scholar
  3. Balasubramanian R, Atherton D (1980) Limit cycles in systems with single and multiple relays. In: Proceedings of JACC 1980, San Francisco, FP9-DGoogle Scholar
  4. Cheol HJ, Lee J, Sung SW, Lee DH (2009) Enhanced process activation method to remove harmonics and non-linearity. J Process Control 19:353–357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cohen GH, Coon GA (1953) Theoretical considerations of retarded control. Trans ASME 827–834Google Scholar
  6. Chidambaram M, Vivek S (2014) Relay auto-tuning for identification and control. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  7. Douglas JM (1972) Process dynamics and control, 2 Control system synthesis. Prentice Hall, Englewood CliffsGoogle Scholar
  8. Dwyer A (2012) Handbook of PI and PID controller tuning rules. Imperial College Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  9. Friman M, Waller KV (1997) A two channel relay for auto-tuning. Ind Eng Chem Res 36:2662–2671CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Halevi Y, Palmor ZJ, Efrati T (1997) Automatic tuning of decentralized PID controllers for MIMO processes. Automatica 7(2):119–128Google Scholar
  11. Hušek P (2014) Decentralized PI controller design based on phase margin specifications. IEEE Trans Control Syst Technol 22(1):346–351CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Johansson KH (2000) The Quadruple-Tank Process: A Multivariable Laboratory Process with an Adjustable Zero, IEEE Trans Control Syst Technol 8(3)Google Scholar
  13. Jeon CH, Cheon YJ, Kim JS, Lee J, Sung SW (2010) Relay feedback methods combining sub-relays to reduce harmonics. J Process Control 20:228–234CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lee TH, Wang QG, Tan KK (1995) A modified relay based technique for improved critical point estimation in process control. IEEE Trans Control Syst Technol 3(3):330–337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Luan X, Chen Q, Liu F (2015) Equivalent transfer function based multi loop PI control for high dimensional multivariable systems. Int J Control Autom Syst 13(2):346–352CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Palmor Z, Halevi Y, Krasney N (1995) Automatic tuning of decentralised PID controllers for TITO processes. Automatica 31:1001–1010CrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  17. Rangaiah GP, Krishnaswamy PR (1994) Estimating second order plus dead time model parameters. Ind Eng Chem Res 33:1867–1871CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Shen SH, Yu HD, Yu CC (1996) Use of saturation relay feedback for auto-tune identification. Chem Eng Sci 51(8):1187–1198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Shen Y, Cai W, Li S (2010) Multivariable process control: decentralized, decoupling, or sparse? Ind Eng Chem Res 49:761–771CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Smith CL (2003) Intelligently tune PID controllers. Chem Eng 56–62Google Scholar
  21. Srinivasan K, Chidambaram M (2004) An Improved auto tune identification method. Chem Biochem Eng Q18:249–256Google Scholar
  22. Sundaresan KR, Prasad CC, Krishnaswamy PR (1978) Evaluating parameters from process transients. Ind Eng Chem Process Des Dev 17(3):237–241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Sung SW, Lee IB (1997) Enhanced relay feedback method. Ind Eng Chem Res 36:5526–5530CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Sung SW, Park JH, Lee I (1995) Modified relay feedback method. Ind Eng Chem Res 34:4133–4135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Tan KK, Wang Q-G, Hang CC, Hagglund TJ (1999) Advances in PID control. Advances in industrial control series. Springer, LondonGoogle Scholar
  26. Tan KK, Lee TH, Huang S, Chua KY, Ferdous R (2006) Improved critical point estimation using a preload relay. J Process Control 16:445–455CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Tyreus BD, Luyben WL (1992) Tuning PI controllers for integrator/dead time processes. Ind Eng Chem Res 31:2625–2628CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Wadey MD, Atherton DP (1982) Limit cycles in relay systems. Electron Lett 56(4):922–923MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  29. Wood RK, Berry MW (1973) Terminal composition control of binary distillation column. Chem Eng Sci 28:1707–1727Google Scholar
  30. Yu CC (2006) Auto tuning of PID controllers—a relay feedback approach, 2nd edn. Springer, LondonGoogle Scholar
  31. Ziegler JG, Nichols NB (1942) Optimum settings for automatic controllers. Trans ASME 64:759–765Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology MadrasChennaiIndia

Personalised recommendations