Advertisement

Agroforestry pp 245-261 | Cite as

Horticulture-based Agroforestry Systems for Improved Environmental Quality and Nutritional Security in Indian Temperate Region

  • Brahma Singh
  • Sanjai K. Dwivedi
Chapter

Abstract

The temperate region represents 18% of the India’s land area. The region stretches from Arunachal Pradesh in the east up to the mountains of Jammu and Kashmir in the west. Importance of agroforestry can hardly be overemphasized in this region as it caters the local requirement of fuel, fodder, timber, bio-fence, checking soil erosion, etc. Horticulture-based agroforestry in temperate region would be complimentary and supplementary to temperate horticulture which has been documented in this article. The different types of agroforestry having horticulture crops in temperate regions of India have been listed. Agroforestry systems in northeast, western, and central Himalayan states have been discussed. Certain issues in temperate agroforestry such as lack of proper policy regime, knowledge gaps of technical know-how of the existing systems, low yield of the existing systems, lack of efficient utilization of space and time, only few limited tree species that are grown and low adoption of agroforestry systems, small and scattered landholdings, and lack of irrigation facility have been mentioned. Lack of advocacy on agroforestry in temperate regions is restricting its popularity. The chapter covers cold desert areas of the country.

Keywords

Horticulture Agroforestry Temperate region Environment Nutrition security 

References

  1. Banyal R, Masoodi NA, Masoodi TH, Sharma LK, Gangoo SA (2011) Knowledge and attitude of farmers towards agroforestry practices in north Kashmir: a case study. Indian Forester 137(12):1377–1381Google Scholar
  2. Bhattacharya BP, Misra LK (2003) Production potential and cost-benefit analysis of agri-horticulture agroforestry systems in Northeast India. J Sustain Agric 22:99–108Google Scholar
  3. Dwivedi SK, Singh R, Ahmed Z (2006) The Seabuckthorn. Field Research Laboratory (DRDO), LehGoogle Scholar
  4. Dwivedi SK, Kareem A, Ahmed Z (2007) Apricot in Ladakh. Field Research Laboratory (DRDO), LehGoogle Scholar
  5. Mughal AH, Bhattacharya P (2002) Agroforestry systems practiced in Kashmir valley of Jammu & Kashmir. Indian Forester 128(2):846–852Google Scholar
  6. Raina RK, Koul MN (2011) Impact of climatic change on agro-ecological zones of the Suru-Zanskar valley, Ladakh (Jammu & Kashmir), India. J Ecol Nat Environ 1(13):424–440Google Scholar
  7. Rathore AC, Saroj PL, Lal H, Sharma NK, Jayaprakash J, Chaturvedi OP, Raizada A, Tomar JMS, Dogra P (2013) Performance of mango based agri-horticultural models under rainfed situation of western Himalaya, India. Agrofor Syst 87(6):1389–1404CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Sharma JP, Sharma RS (2000) Agroforestry for sustainable development of cold and region. In: Sharma JP, Mir AA (eds) Dynamics of cold arid agriculture. Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi, pp 237–259Google Scholar
  9. Singh B (2010) Introduction to higher Himalayas. In: Dwivedi DH, Dwivedi SK, Satish G (eds) Agro-animal resources of higher Himalayas. Serial Publishing House, New Delhi, pp 1–14Google Scholar
  10. Singh B, Dwivedi SK (1998) Fruit and plantation research in Leh (Ladakh) Valley. In: The Tree Science Conference. Indian Society of Tree Sciences, 10–13 April 1998. Abstract & Souvenir, pp 116Google Scholar
  11. Swamy BKR, Sankanur M, Yewale A (2016) Fruit-based agroforestry systems for food security and higher profitability. Int J Farm Sci 6(2):302–311Google Scholar
  12. Thakur PS, Dutt V, Thakur A, Raina R (2010) Poplar based agroforestry system: intercropping of medicinal herbs for better production and diversification. Indian J Agrofor 12(1):77–83Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Life Sciences, DRDONew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO)New DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Scientist F at DIBER (DRDO)HaldwaniIndia

Personalised recommendations