Analysis of Current Municipal Solid Waste Management in Tokyo and Future Prospects
Waste is an unavoidable problem when discussing an urban space. To understand the urban space of Tokyo, it is important to understand how Tokyo has addressed the waste problem. This chapter examines the current conditions of and future prospects for managing municipal solid waste (MSW) separately considering the central special wards area and the Tama area. In the central special wards area, the Tokyo Metropolitan Government built a waste management system based on the district self-sufficiency principle (“disposing of your own waste in your own ward”), which was established following the “Garbage War” in the 1970s. However, this system changed greatly after responsibility for MSW management shifted to each special ward in 2000. In the Tama area, municipalities established waste management systems that aimed to dispose of waste appropriately, against the background of urbanization in the 1960s. However, municipalities were compelled to shift to a form of management that reduces waste, as the remaining life of final disposal sites decreased significantly and conflicts with neighboring residents arose in the 1990s.
KeywordsMunicipal solid waste Waste management Incineration plant Special wards area Tama area Tokyo
I received cooperation and valuable materials and information for this chapter from the staff of Clean Authority of TOKYO and the Recycling Promotion Division of Hino City. I also wish to express my appreciation to residents in the case districts for their cooperation. Moreover, I wish to express my gratitude to Dr. Akira Tezuka and other teachers of the Institute of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba for their guidance throughout and proofreading.
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