Advertisement

Improvement of Maximum Production in the Batch Transesterification Reactor of Biodiesel by Using Nonlinear Model Based Control

  • Arphaphon Chanpirak
  • Weerawun Weerachaipichasgul
Conference paper

Abstract

To achieve a maximum production of biodiesel in the batch transesterification, an optimal operating condition and an effective control strategy are needed to improve the quality of product. An off-line optimization is prior determined by maximizing productivity for the batch transesterification to modify optimal temperature set point. Model based control, model predictive control (MPC) with an estimator has been implemented to drive the reactor temperature tracking to the desired profile. An extended Kalman filter (EKF) has been designed to estimate the uncertain parameter and unmeasurable states variable. In this work, improvement of batch transesterification process under uncertain parameters on the overall heat transfer coefficient has been proposed. Simulation results demonstrate that the EKF can still provide good estimates of the overall heat transfer coefficient and heat of reaction. The control performance of MPC is better than that of PID. Moreover, MPC with the EKF estimator can control the transesterification according to the optimal trajectory and then can achieve maximum product as determined. As a result, the MPC with EKF is still robust and applicable in real plants.

Keywords

Batch reactor Biodiesel production Extended Kalman filter Model predictive control Non-linear model based control Optimization Transesterification reaction 

References

  1. 1.
    Y. Zhang, M.A. Dube, D.D. McLean, M. Kates, Biodiesel production from waste cooking oil: 2. Economic assessment and sensitivity analysis. Bioresour. Technol. 90, 229–240 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    E.H.S. Moecke, R. Feller, H.A. Santos, M.M. Machado, A.L.V. Cubas, A.R.A. Dutra, L.L.V. Santos, S.R. Soares, Biodiesel production from waste cooking oil for use as fuel in artisanal fishing boats: integrating environmental, economic and social aspects. J. Cleaner Product. 135, 679–688 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    N. Nasir, W. Daud, S. Kamarudin, Z. Yaakob, Process system engineering in biodiesel production: a review. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 22, 631–639 (2013)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    K. Khalid, K. Khalid, Transesterification of palm oil for production of biodiesel. Am. J. Appl. Sci. 8, 804–809 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    X. Liu, H. He, Y. Wang, S. Zhu, Transesterification of soybean oil to biodiesel using SrO as a solid base catalyst. Catal. Commun. 8, 1107–1111 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    R. Aliakbar, S. Iman, Modeling the effects of cosolvent on biodiesel production. Fuel 186, 779–786 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. Thirumarimurugan, V. Sivakumar, A. Xavier, D. Prabhakaran, T. Kannadasan, Preparation of biodiesel from sunflower oil by transesterification. Int. J. Biosci. Biochem. Bioinfo. 2, 441–445 (2012)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    B. Freedman, E.H. Pryde, T.L. Mounts, Variables affecting the yields of fatty esters from transesterified vegetable oils. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 61, 1638–1643 (1984)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    P.T. Benavides, U. Diwekar, Optimal control of biodiesel production in a batch reactor. Part I: deterministic control. Fuel 94, 211–217 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    R. Kern, Y. Shastri, Advanced control with parameter estimation of batch transesterification reactor. J. Process Control 33, 127–139 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    R. De, S. Bhartiya, Y. Shastri, Dynamic optimization of a batch transesterification process for biodiesel production, in Indian Control Conference (ICC) Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad (Hyderabad, India, 4–6 Jan 2016), pp. 117–122Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. Saengchan, P. Kittisupakorn, W. Paengjuntuek, A. Arpornwichanop, Improvement of batch crystallization control under uncertain kinetic parameters by model predictive control. J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 17, 430–438Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    W. Paengjuntuek, P. Kittisupakorn, A. Arpornwichanop, Optimization and nonlinear control of a batch crystallization process. J. Chinese Inst. Chem. Eng. 39, 249–256 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    W. Weerachaipichasgul, P. Kittisupakorn, Integrating dynamic composition estimation with model based control for ethyl acetate production, in Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, vol. 275 (LNEE, 2014), pp. 231–245Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    D.Y.C. Leung, X. Wu, M.K.H. Leung, A review on biodiesel production using catalyzed transesterification. Appl. Energy 87, 1083–1095 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    H. Noureddini, D. Zhu, Kinetics of transesterification of soybean oil. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 74, 1457–1463 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    R. Richard, S. Thiebaud-Roux, L. Prat, Modeling the kinetics of transesterification reaction of sunflower oil with ethanol in microreactors. Chem. Eng. Sci. 87, 258–269 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    A. Chanpirak, W. Weerachaipichasgul, Improvement of biodiesel production in batch transesterification process, in Lecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science: Proceedings of The International MultiConference of Engineers and Computer Scientists 2017 (Hong Kong, 15–17 Mar 2017), pp. 806–810Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arphaphon Chanpirak
    • 1
  • Weerawun Weerachaipichasgul
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Engineering, Division of Chemical EngineeringNaresuan UniversityPhitsanulokThailand

Personalised recommendations