Further In-Depth Investigation of Precuing Effect on Tracking and Discrete Dual-Task Performance with Different Spatial Mappings
The objective of this study was to establish data for making ergonomics recommendations for human-machine interface design in control consoles. The results showed significant precuing effect and spatial S-R compatibility effect, leading to different response times of the participants. Compatibility in both orientations (BC condition) resulted in a better reaction time. The performance of the primary tracking task was subject to its level of difficulty. For secondary discrete task, there was a significant effect of S-R mapping condition. There was also a significant interaction between S-R mapping conditions and the position of signal and that of precue. The same position between signal and precue under BC and TC S-R mapping led to faster reaction times, while the opposite position between signal and precue under BI and LC S-R mapping exhibited faster reaction times. Tactile precue and auditory precue can always improve the performance in reaction time for four S-R mapping conditions with visual stimulus while the visual precue worsens the performance.
KeywordsAuditory Dual-task paradigm Precue Spatial stimulus-response compatibility Stimulus onset asynchronies Tactile Visual
This work was supported by a grant from City University of Hong Kong (SRG7004663).
- 1.C. Umiltá, R. Nicoletti, Spatial stimulus-response compatibility, in Stimulus-Response Compatibility: An Integrated Perspective, ed. by R.W. Proctor, T.G. Reeve (Amsterdam, North-Holland, 1990), pp. 89–116Google Scholar
- 2.J. Driver, C. Spence, Crossmodal spatial attention: evidence from human performance, in Cross-modal Space and Crossmodal Attention, ed. by C. Spence, J. Driver (Oxford University Press, New York, 2004), pp. 179–220Google Scholar
- 10.K.S.S. Man, C. Dizmen, S.N.H. Tsang, A.H.S. Chan, Influence of Precue on Spatial Stimulus-Response Compatibility Effect in a Dual-Task Paradigm, Lecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science,in Proceedings of The International MultiConference of Engineers and Computer Scientists (2017), 15–17 March, 2017, Hong Kong, pp. 921–926Google Scholar
- 11.S.N.H. Tsang, Multi-task Performance in Processing Four-choice Spatial Stimulus-Response (S-R) Mappings: Implications for Multimodal Human-machine Interface Design, P.h.D dissertation, Dept. S.E.E.M., City University Hong Kong, Hong Kong (2014)Google Scholar
- 13.A.Y. Ng, A.H.S. Chan, Finger response times to visual, auditory and tactile modality stimuli, in Proceedings of the International MultiConference of Engineers and Computer Scientists 2012, IMECS 2012, 14–16 March, 2–12, Hong Kong, pp. 1449–1454Google Scholar
- 14.J.M.T. Brebner, A.T. Welford, Introduction: an historical background sketch, in Reaction Times, ed. by A.T. Welford (Academic Press, London, 1980), pp. 1–23Google Scholar