Marker-Assisted Gene Pyramiding for Durable Resistance to Blast

Chapter

Abstract

Effective control of blast, a devastating fungal disease of rice caused by Pyricularia oryzae, is an important breeding objective to increase and stabilize worldwide rice production. Use of quantitative resistance to blast is considered a promising strategy because such resistance is more durable than race-specific qualitative resistance. Quantitative resistance is under complex genetic control, with each contributing gene having a smaller individual effect than those conveying qualitative resistance. This characteristic decreases selection pressure, thereby slowing the counter-evolution of the pathogen, but also makes it difficult for breeders to select the required traits in practical breeding programs. Extensive genetic studies of quantitative resistance during the last two decades have identified several relevant genes and have contributed to our understanding of the genetic control of quantitative resistance. Such studies will accelerate marker-assisted gene pyramiding of resistance alleles to confer strong, non-race-specific, and environmentally stable resistance to blast disease; this achievement would contribute substantially to global food security.

Keywords

Quantitative resistance Partial resistance Quantitative trait loci Durable resistance Marker-assisted selection Gene pyramiding Rice Blast disease 

Notes

Acknowledgment

The author thanks the collaborators of the works presented in this review. Most works presented were supported by grants from the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of Japan (MP1103b, MP1132, QT4002, QT4003, QT4004, QTL2002, RGB1101, GB1004, and LCT0013).

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Crop Science, NAROIbarakiJapan

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