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Transcriptomic Studies Revealing Enigma of Plant-Pathogen Interaction

  • Zahoor Ahmed Wani
  • Nasheeman Ashraf
Chapter

Abstract

Plants being sessile organisms encounter numerous attacks by pathogens and pests with different lifestyles and modes of attack. In response, plants undergo cellular reprogramming in order to perceive these attacks and activate specific defense pathways. Plants possess extensive regulatory mechanisms which come into play during defense responses so as to coordinate the perception and activation of pathways specific to the type of pathogen in question. Further, many small molecule hormones play pivotal role in defense pathways and cross communicate with each other, thereby helping plant to finely regulate its response. This suggests that plant defense is controlled by intricate transcriptional regulatory network, therefore urging the need to develop genome- and transcriptome-based strategies to unravel these mechanisms. Transcriptomics has fuelled a better understanding of many biological processes and can therefore be used for understanding the host-pathogen interactions as well. Transcriptome analysis can provide more comprehensive picture of the pathways that come into play in response to different pathogens and also decipher the cascade of transcriptional events involved. This may also help in identifying the regulatory nodes in the transcriptional networks and understanding the hierarchical relationship between them. These resources in turn will help in understanding of the complex architecture of plant/host defense system which will have a long-term impact and value for crop improvement.

Keywords

Pathogen Transcriptomics Metabolomics Defense Signaling 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Plant Biotechnology DivisionCSIR—Indian Institute of Integrative MedicineSrinagarIndia
  2. 2.Academy of Scientific and Innovative ResearchCSIR—Indian Institute of Integrative MedicineJammu TawiIndia

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