Abandoned Farmlands as a Potential New Habitat for Red-crowned Cranes

  • Yoshiko Kobayashi
  • Yoshiyuki Masatomi
  • Futoshi Nakamura
Part of the Ecological Research Monographs book series (ECOLOGICAL)


In Japan, whose population has begun to decline, there is a concern that abandoned and fallow farmlands will increase due to rapid population decline, and the resulting waste of national land will progress. However, if it is possible to properly manage land released from development pressure in the course of population decline, and regenerate it into a habitat for living organisms, it may be possible to restore ecosystems that have been degraded by past development. In this chapter, we focus on the red-crowned crane as an indicator species, whose nesting and breeding habitats have been lost due to past development in wetlands, and discuss the possibility of using abandoned or fallow farmlands for the nesting and breeding of the crane. We have found that it is possible to expand the nesting and breeding habitats of the red-crowned crane by regenerating abandoned or fallow farmlands into wetlands. However, as the use of abandoned farmlands produces only a marginal increase in such wetlands, it is necessary, in order to expand such habitats more effectively, to develop plans to augment wetland regeneration by using both abandoned and active farmlands.


Population decline Land-use change Rewilding Restoration planning Wetland ecosystems 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yoshiko Kobayashi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yoshiyuki Masatomi
    • 3
  • Futoshi Nakamura
    • 4
  1. 1.Research Faculty of AgricultureHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  2. 2.Center for Environmental Biology and Ecosystem StudiesNational Institute for Environmental StudiesTsukubaJapan
  3. 3.Red-crowned Crane ConservancyKushiroJapan
  4. 4.Graduate School of AgricultureHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan

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