Advertisement

Mechanical Properties of Nano Concrete

  • Ajaysinh R. VaghelaEmail author
  • Gaurang R. Vesmawala
Conference paper
  • 792 Downloads

Abstract

Nano materials have recently been introduced as an advanced pozzolana to improve the microstructure and stability of the cement-based system. This paper presents the effect of the addition of nano materials on the mechanical properties of concrete. To compare the different nano materials total three nano materials were taken along with polypropylene fiber. Nano silica and nano alumina were taken as 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5%; carbon nanotube was taken as 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, and 0.5% of cementitious material. Further, nano silica and nano alumina were mixed with polypropylene fiber to check the combination of powder and fiber material. Mechanical tests such as compression test, indirect tensile test, and flexure test were performed to find mechanical properties. Results show an increase in compressive, tensile, and flexural strength with the addition of nano materials.

Keywords

Carbon nanotubes Cement composite Concrete Fiber reinforcement Mechanical properties Fracture mechanics 

References

  1. 1.
    The Concrete Conundrum, Chemistry World, March (2016). www.chemistryworld.org
  2. 2.
    A. Nazari, S. Riahi, The effects of SiO2 nanoparticles on physical and mechanical properties of high strength compacting concrete. Compos. B 42, 570–578 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    K. Behfarnia, N. Salemi, The effects of nano-silica and nano alumina on frost resistance of normal concrete. Constr. Build. Mater. 48, 580–584 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. Oltulu, R. Sahin, Effect of nano-SiO2 nano-Al2O3 and nano-Fe2O3 powders on compressive strengths and capillary water absorption of cement mortar containing fly ash. Energy Build. 58, 292–301 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    N. Salemi, K. Behfarnia, Effect of nano-particles on durability of fiber-reinforced concrete pavement. Constr. Build. Mater. 48, 934–941 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    N. Leon, Effect of nano-SiO2 and nano-Al2O3 on cement mortars for use in agriculture and livestock production. Biosystem engineering 123, 1–11 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    H. Madami, A. Bagheri, T. Parhizkar, A. Raisghasemi, Chloride penetration and electrical resistivity of concretes containing nanosilica hydrosols with different specific surface areas. Cem. Conc. Compos 53, 18–24 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    T. Manzur, N. Yazdani, M.A.B. Emon, Effect of carbon nanotube size on compressive strengths of nanotube reinforced cementitious composites. J. Mat. 2014 (2014)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    N. Zohadi, Functionalized graphitic nanoreinforcement for cement composites (University of South Carolina 2014)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    S.G. Shah, S.G. Shah, Q.I. Barodawala, Nano modification of self compacting concrete. CTMC (2016)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Concrete Mix Design Revised, Ambuja technical literature series no. 79 Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Design of High strength Concrete Mixes, Proceeding of a Symposium on Mix Design and Quality control of concrete. (Cement and Concrete Association, London)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Design of Normal Concrete Mixes. (Department of the Environment, Building research Establishment, Walford, U.K. 1988)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    IS: 10262, Concrete mix proportioning—guidelines (2009)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    IS: 383, Specification for coarse and fine aggregates from natural sources for concrete (second revision) (1970), (reaffirmation, 1997)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    IS: 516, Indian standard methods of tests for strength of concrete (1959), (reaffirmation, 1999)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    IS: 5816, Splitting tensile strength of concrete—method of test (1999), (reaffirmation 2004)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    M.S. Shetty, Concrete Technology Theory and Practice. (S. Chand publication 2009)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Applied MechanicsSardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of TechnologySuratIndia
  2. 2.G H Patel College of Engineering and TechnologyVallabh Vidya NagarIndia

Personalised recommendations