Detoxification of Crude Oil

  • Aysar T. Jarullah
  • Iqbal M. Mujtaba
  • Alastair S. Wood
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


Petroleum contributes significantly to our lives and will continue to do so for many years to come. Petroleum derivatives supply more than 50% of the world’s total supply of energy (Jarullah Kinetic modelling simulation and optimal operation of trickle bed reactor for hydrotreating of crude oil. University of Bradford, UK, 2011 [20]). Traditionally, crude oil goes through fractional distillation to produce different grades of fuel such as gasoline, kerosene, and diesel oil providing fuel for automobiles, tractors, trucks, aircraft, and ships. Catalytic hydrotreating (HDT) is used to detoxify the oil fractions produced by fractional distillation in the petroleum refining industries which involve removal of pollutants such as sulfur, nitrogen, metals, and asphaltene in trickle-bed reactors. Recently, Jarullah and co-workers proposed detoxification of whole crude oil a priori before the crude oil enters further processing in a fractionating column. This chapter highlights this new technology.


Crude oil Hydrotreatment Trickle-bed reactor Pilot plant Modeling Simulation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aysar T. Jarullah
    • 1
  • Iqbal M. Mujtaba
    • 2
  • Alastair S. Wood
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringTikrit UniversityTikritIraq
  2. 2.School of EngineeringUniversity of BradfordBradfordUK

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