Indian Agro-wastes for 2G Biorefineries: Strategic Decision on Conversion Processes

  • Ranjana Chowdhury
  • Shiladitya Ghosh
  • Biswajit Debnath
  • Dinabandhu Manna
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


Biorefineries are globally contemplated as the viable platforms for the highly anticipated substitution of fossil-based economy by the bio-based economy. A biorefinery offers the advantage of converting a remarkable variety of biomass feedstocks to different types of biofuels and biochemicals. A great extent of rigorous effort is currently being made for the upgrading of existing biorefinery frameworks to fully attain the sustainability standards required to warrant their full-scale implementation. As a consequence of the mandatory inclusion of the sustainability goals into the biorefinery concept and the escalating concern on the ‘food-fuel conflict’, the second generation (2G) of biorefineries are garnering quick popularity over their first-generation counterparts. In India, there exist huge prospects of development of 2G biorefineries exploiting the abundant resources of the lignocellulosic agro-wastes. Indian agro-wastes display an extraordinary variety of lignocellulosic biomass and round-the-year availability in copious amounts. Unfortunately, due to lack of awareness and poor valorization, these valuable agro-wastes are often destroyed in mass scale for waste management instead of being utilized in a productive way. The major focus of the present chapter is to present a categorical classification of Indian agro-wastes based on their appearance in the supply chain. The adaptability of Indian agro-wastes towards 2G biorefinery has been assessed using their availability, thermochemical properties and composition of a few specific feedstocks, namely, rice straw, rice husk, wheat straw, oil seed press cakes, sugarcane bagasse, coconut shell, banana peels and stems. The analytic hierarchy process (AHP) has been used to decide on the strategy of application of stand-alone biochemical or thermochemical processes and their hybrids for the conversion of different candidate feedstocks in the 2G biorefineries with respect to sustainability parameters.


Agro-wastes Abundance in India Energy potential 2G biorefineries analytic hierarchy process (AHP) Guideline on strategic decision on conversion route 



The corresponding author acknowledges INNO-INDIGO for the selection of collaborative CONVER-B project on Biobased Energy. All authors acknowledge the valuable comments made by the learned reviewers for the upgradation of the quality of the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ranjana Chowdhury
    • 1
  • Shiladitya Ghosh
    • 1
  • Biswajit Debnath
    • 1
  • Dinabandhu Manna
    • 1
  1. 1.Chemical Engineering DepartmentJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia

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