Thermodynamics of Carbon Nanotubes and Soot Formation

  • R. S. BharjEmail author
  • Jyoti Bharj
  • Vishal Vasistha
Part of the Energy, Environment, and Sustainability book series (ENENSU)


The combustion of fuel in the presence of an oxidizer is an essential requirement to produce desirable thermal effect. There exists an analogy among generation of heat energy through combustion, soot formation, synthesis of carbon nanomaterial (CNM), and producer gas production by gasification. The stoichiometric and off-stoichiometric thermodynamic chemical kinetics explain the formation of soot, production of CNM as well as generation of heat or mechanical energy. If the objective of chemical combustion process is thermal energy, then soot is generated as a by-product, and if the objective is to synthesize CNMs, then heat energy is liberated as a consequence of combustion. Gasification of combustible material is another off-stoichiometric thermodynamic chemical combustion which is used for the generation of electricity in power plants. Coal gasification produced hydrogen gas can be advantageous in many aspects such as manufacturing of ammonia and a fuel source for combustion. Additionally, coal-derived producer gas can be converted into transportation fuels such as gasoline and diesel using some appropriate treatment. A lot of literature is available on combustion of fuels in heat engines but there is a dearth of availability of the literature for off-stoichiometric combustion such as synthesis of CNMs, gasification. Synthesis of CNT has been discussed in this chapter using LPG/biogas precursor.


Gasification Carbon nanomaterial Off-stoichiometric combustion 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringDr B R Ambedkar National Institute of TechnologyJalandharIndia
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsDr B R Ambedkar National Institute of TechnologyJalandharIndia

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