A Review on Clean Combustion Within Porous Media

  • Niraj Kumar MishraEmail author
  • P. Muthukumar
  • Snehasish Panigrahy
Part of the Energy, Environment, and Sustainability book series (ENENSU)


Technological growth of any nation demands more fossil fuels which cause two major threats. First one is the shortage of fossil fuel, and the second is environmental pollution. Recently, the age-old conventional combustion process is being substituted by an innovative combustion technology, called porous medium combustion. This surge of interest in porous radiant burner is driven by some of the important benefits such as high thermal efficiency, low emission characteristics, high power modulation range, extended flammability limits and high power density. In the last two decades, there has been a significant development in the research aiming at changing the operating parameters and the design configurations of the porous radiant burners to attain lower emissions and higher thermal performances. Various burners based on porous medium combustion have been developed for industrial and domestic applications and showed beneficial over their conventional burner counterparts. Porous radiant burners based on porous medium combustion technology showed good emission characteristics and offer higher thermal efficiencies. Although, durability of few burners is still a matter of concern which results in non-commercialization of these products. This chapter summarizes the development of various porous radiant burners used in both industrial and cooking applications.


Combustion Porous radiant burner Premixed combustion CO emissions NOx emissions 




Porous medium combustion


Porous matrix


Porous medium burner


Conventional burner


Parts per million


Liquefied petroleum gas






Partially stabilized zirconia


Silicon carbide


Porous radiant burner


Preheating zone


Combustion zone


Carbon monoxide


\( d_{\text{m}} \)

Equivalent pore diameter (mm)

\( c_{\text{p}} \)

Specific heat (kJ/kg K)

\( \rho \)

Density (kg/m3)

\( k \)

Thermal conductivity of the fuel-air mixture (W/m K)

\( S_{\text{L}} \)

Laminar flame speed (m/s)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Niraj Kumar Mishra
    • 1
    Email author
  • P. Muthukumar
    • 2
  • Snehasish Panigrahy
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringNational Institute of Technology UttarakhandSrinagarIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology GuwahatiGuwahatiIndia

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