Advertisement

A Review on Clean Combustion Within Porous Media

  • Niraj Kumar MishraEmail author
  • P. Muthukumar
  • Snehasish Panigrahy
Chapter
  • 1.5k Downloads
Part of the Energy, Environment, and Sustainability book series (ENENSU)

Abstract

Technological growth of any nation demands more fossil fuels which cause two major threats. First one is the shortage of fossil fuel, and the second is environmental pollution. Recently, the age-old conventional combustion process is being substituted by an innovative combustion technology, called porous medium combustion. This surge of interest in porous radiant burner is driven by some of the important benefits such as high thermal efficiency, low emission characteristics, high power modulation range, extended flammability limits and high power density. In the last two decades, there has been a significant development in the research aiming at changing the operating parameters and the design configurations of the porous radiant burners to attain lower emissions and higher thermal performances. Various burners based on porous medium combustion have been developed for industrial and domestic applications and showed beneficial over their conventional burner counterparts. Porous radiant burners based on porous medium combustion technology showed good emission characteristics and offer higher thermal efficiencies. Although, durability of few burners is still a matter of concern which results in non-commercialization of these products. This chapter summarizes the development of various porous radiant burners used in both industrial and cooking applications.

Keywords

Combustion Porous radiant burner Premixed combustion CO emissions NOx emissions 

.

Abbreviations

PMC

Porous medium combustion

PM

Porous matrix

PMB

Porous medium burner

CB

Conventional burner

ppm

Parts per million

LPG

Liquefied petroleum gas

Al2O3

Alumina

ZrO2

Zirconia

PSZ

Partially stabilized zirconia

SiC

Silicon carbide

PRB

Porous radiant burner

PZ

Preheating zone

CZ

Combustion zone

CO

Carbon monoxide

Nomenclature

\( d_{\text{m}} \)

Equivalent pore diameter (mm)

\( c_{\text{p}} \)

Specific heat (kJ/kg K)

\( \rho \)

Density (kg/m3)

\( k \)

Thermal conductivity of the fuel-air mixture (W/m K)

\( S_{\text{L}} \)

Laminar flame speed (m/s)

References

  1. 1.
    Turns SR (2000) An introduction to combustion: concepts and applications, 2nd edn. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Basu P, Kefa C, Jestin L (2000) Boilers and burners: design and theory. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Avdic F (2004) Application of the porous medium gas combustion technique to household heating systems with additional energy sources. Ph.D. thesis, University of Erlangen-NurembergGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pickenacker O, Pickenacker K, Wawrzinek K, Trimis D, Pritzkow WEC, Muller C (1999) Innovative ceramic materials for porous-medium burners. Interceram, Germany 48:424–433Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Babkin VS, Korzhavin AA, Bunaev VA (1991) Propagation of premixed gaseous explosion flames in porous media. Combust Flame 87:182–190Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Weinberg FJ (1971) Combustion temperatures: the future. Nature 233:239–241Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hardesty DR, Weinberg FJ (1974) Burners producing large excess enthalpies. Combust Sci Technol 8:201–214Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Keramiotis C, Stelzner B, Trimis D, Founti M (2012) Porous burners for low emission combustion: an experimental investigation. Energy 45:213–219Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sathe SB, Peck RE, Tong TW (1990) Flame stabilization and multimode heat transfer in inert porous media: a numerical study. Combust Sci Technol 70:93–109Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Durst F, Trimis D (2002) Combustion by free flames versus combustion reactors. In: 16th International conference on clean air and environ (Clean Air 2002), vol 3. Christchurch, New Zealand, 19–22 Aug 2002, pp 1–20Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wood S, Harris AT (2008) Porous burners for lean-burn applications. Prog Energy Combust Sci 34:667–684Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Jugjai S, Rungsimuntuchart N (2002) High efficiency heat-recirculating domestic gas burners. Exp Therm Fluid Sci 26:581–592Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Qui K, Hayden ACS (2006) Premixed gas combustion stabilized in fiber felt and its application to a novel radiant burner. Fuel 85:1094–1100Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Pantangi VK, Mishra SC, Muthukumar P, Reddy R (2011) Studies on porous radiant burners for LPG cooking applications. Energy 36:6074–6080Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Mishra SC, Muthukumar P, Pantangi VK (2013) Porous Radiant burner for domestic LPG cooking device with improved thermal efficiency and reduced emissions of CO and NOx. Patent Application No: 73/KOL/2013Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Muthukumar P, Anand P, Sachdeva P (2011) Performance analysis of porous radiant burners used in LPG cooking stove. Int J Energy Environ 2:367–374Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Muthukumar P, Shyamkumar P (2013) Development of novel porous radiant burners for LPG cooking applications. Fuel 112:562–566Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Mishra NK, Mishra SC, Muthukumar P (2015) Performance characterization of a medium-scale liquefied petroleum gas cooking stove with a two-layer porous radiant burner. Appl Therm Eng 89:44–50Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sharma M, Mahanta P, Mishra SC (2016) Usability of porous burner in kerosene pressure stove: an experimental investigation aided by energy and exergy analyses. Energy 103:251–260Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Mishra SC, Muthukumar P, Mishra NK (2015) Self-aspirated LPG domestic cooking stove with a two-layer porous radiant burner. Patent No: 543/KOL/2015Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Mishra SC, Muthukumar P, Mishra NK, Panigrahi S (2015) Medium-scale self-aspirated improved air entrainment LPG Cooking stove with a two-layer porous radiant burner. Patent Application No: 201631037245Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Mishra SC, Muthukumar P, Sinha GS, Sharma M, Mishra NK (2016) Self aspirated pressurized kerosene cooking stove with a Porous Radiant Burner. Patent Application No: 201631037245Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Mujeebu MA, Abdullah M, Mohamad A (2011) Development of energy efficient porous medium burners on surface and submerged combustion modes. Energy 36:5132–5139Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Mujeebu MA, Abdullah MZ, Bakar MZA, Mohamad AA (2011) A mesoscale premixed LPG burner with surface combustion in porous ceramic foam. Energy Sources Part A 34:9–18Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Mujeebu MA, Abdullah MZ, Zuber M (2013) Experiment and simulation to develop clean porous medium surface combustor using LPG. J Ther Sci Technol 33:55–61Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Yoksenakul W, Jugjai S (2011) Design and development of a SPMB (self-aspirating, porous medium burner) with a submerged flame. Energy 36:3092–4000Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Tanaka R, Shinoda M, Arai N (2001) Combustion characteristics of a heat recirculating ceramic burner using low-calorific fuel. Energy Convers Manage 42:1897–1907Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Arai N, Shinoda M, Churchill SW (1999) The characteristics of heat recirculating burner. Trans CSME 23:147–158Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Delalic N, Mulahasanovic DZ, Ganic EN (2004) Porous media compact heat exchanger unit—experiment and analysis. Exp Therm Fluid Sci 28:185–192Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Mjaanes HP, Chan L, Mastorakos E (2005) Hydrogen production from rich combustion in porous media. Int J Hydrogen Energy 30:579–592Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Raviraj SD, Janrt LE (2006) Numerical and experimental study of the conversion of methane to hydrogen in a porous medium reactor, combust. Flame 144:698–709Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Liu JF, Hsieh WH (2004) Experimental investigation of combustion in porous heating burners. Combust Flame 138:295–303Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Durst F, Weclas M (2001) A new type of internal combustion engine based on the porous-medium combustion technique. J Automobile Eng IMechE Part D 215:63–81Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Weclas M (2005) Porous media in internal combustion engines, Cellular ceramics-structure, manufacturing, properties and applications. Wiley-VCH-PublicationGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Echigo R, Yoshida H, Tawata, H, Tada S (1993) In: 12th international conference on thermoelectrics, Yokohama, Japan, 9–11 NovGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Hunt TK, F, Sievers RK (1994) AMTEC auxiliary power unit for hybrid electric vehicles. In: Proceedings 29th intersociety energy conversion engineering conference, Monterey, U.S.A, 7–11 Aug 1994Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Marbach TL, Agrawal AK (2006) Heat-recirculating combustor using porous inert media for meso-scale applications. J Propul Power 22:145–150Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Sadasivuni V, Agrawal AK (2009) A novel meso-scale combustion system for operation with liquid fuels. Proc Combust Inst 32:3155–3162Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Dobrego KV, Gnezdilov NN, Kozlov IM, Bubnovich VI, Gonzalez HA (2005) Numerical investigation of the new regenerator–recuperator scheme of VOC oxidizer. Int J Heat Mass Transf 48:4695–4703Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Dobrego KV, Gnezdilov NN, Kozlov IM, Shmelev ES (2006) Numerical study and optimization of the porous media VOC oxidizer with electric heating elements. Int J Heat Mass Transf 49:1–10Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Dobrego KV, Gnezdilov NN, Kozlov IM (2007) Parametric study of recuperative VOC oxidation reactor with porous media. Int J Heat Mass Transf 50:2787–2794Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Ismail KA, Abdullah MZ, Zubair M, Ahmad ZA, Jamaludin AR, Mustafa KF, Abdullah MN (2013) Application of porous medium burner with micro cogeneration system. Energy 50:131–142Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Welch W (1890) Improvements in burners for the use of gas and other inflammable vapors. British Patent No. 5293Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Mitchell A (1898) Improvements in furnaces or grates for the consumption of mineral oils. British Patent No. 7078Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Ruby CF (1902) Steam-generator. US Patent No. 737279Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Hays JW (1933) Surface combustion process. US Patent No. 2095065Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Sanmiguel JE, Mehta SA, Moore RG (2003) An experimental study of controlled gas phase combustion in porous media for enhanced recovery of oil and gas. ASME Trans 125Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Kayal TK, Chakravarty M (2007) Combustion of suspended fine solid fuel in air inside inert porous medium: a heat transfer analysis. Int J Heat Mass Transf 50:3359–3365Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Wawrzenik K, Kesting A, Kunzel J, Pickenäcker K, Pickenäcker O, Trimis D (2001) Experimental and numerical study of applicability of porous combustors for HCl synthesis. Catal Today 69:393–397Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Hansen J, Sato M (2016) Regional climate change and national responsibilities. Environ Res Lett 11:1–9Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Trimis D, Durst F (1996) Combustion in a porous medium-advances and applications. Combust Sci Technol 121:153–168Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Panigrahy S, Mishra NK, Mishra SC, Muthukumar P (2016) Numerical and experimental analyses of LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) combustion in a domestic cooking stove with a porous radiant burner. Energy 95:404–414Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Panigrahy S, Mishra SC (2016) Analysis of combustion of liquefied petroleum gas in a porous radiant burner. Int J Heat Mass Transf 95:488–498Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Xiong TY, Mark JK, FF Fish (1995) Experimental study of a high-efficiency, low emission porous matrix combustor-heater. Fuel 74:1641–1647Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Mital R, Gore JP, Viskanta R (1997) A study of the structure of submerged reaction in porous ceramic radiant burners. Combust Flame 11:175–184Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Scribano G, Solero G, Coghe A (2006) Pollutant emissions reduction and performance optimization of an industrial radiant tube burner. Exp Therm Fluid Sci 30:605–612Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Niraj Kumar Mishra
    • 1
    Email author
  • P. Muthukumar
    • 2
  • Snehasish Panigrahy
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringNational Institute of Technology UttarakhandSrinagarIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology GuwahatiGuwahatiIndia

Personalised recommendations