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Pregnancy Complications in Women with Adenomyosis

Chapter
Part of the Comprehensive Gynecology and Obstetrics book series (CGO)

Abstract

The risk of pregnancy complications in women with adenomyosis is debatable. However, only a limited number of studies on pregnancies in women with adenomyosis have been reported. Some control studies and a retrospective survey demonstrated that the risk of pregnancy complications, including miscarriage, preterm delivery, pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), fetal growth restriction (FGR), cervical incompetency, and uterine infection, was increased in pregnant women with adenomyosis. Although some studies have evaluated whether medication or surgical management can influence the pregnancy outcomes in women with adenomyosis, there is currently no evidence to suggest that medication or surgical intervention has any benefit in terms of the pregnancy complications in women with adenomyosis. The size and type of adenomyosis are important factors for pregnancy complications. We should be aware of the potential for pregnancy complications, especially in pregnant women with diffuse-type adenomyosis.

Keywords

Adenomyosis Pregnancy complication Miscarriage Preterm delivery 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyYamaguchi University School of MedicineUbe, YamaguchiJapan

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