Bacterial Mediated Plant Protection: Induced Systemic Resistance in Soybean

  • Shekhar Jain
  • Devendra Kumar Choudhary
  • Kanti Prakash Sharma
  • Rashmi Aggarwal
Chapter

Abstract

Soybean (Glycine max L. Merrill) is world’s most important source of the highest protein content among leguminous crops. Several pathogens like fungi, bacteria and viruses attack on the soybean plant and cause different diseases leading to the great losses in the yield. At global level a wide-ranging research has been done to build up resistance varieties against biotic stresses by means of genetic engineering. In the present scenario an alternative strategy has developed wherein bacteria played a key role to the plants successful survival against pathogen stress. Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) elicited a higher level of resistance in addition to indigenous immune system in the form of induced systemic resistance (ISR) in plants and offers heightened level of protection. ISR is the prior activation of induced resistance in plants leading to triggering of jasmonic acid and ethylene mediated signaling pathways. Nonexpressor of pathogenesis related protein 1 (NPR1) work as a master regulator of hormonal defense signaling pathway leading to activation of pathogenesis related and defense related protein depend on the preceding signals. This review chapter will focus on research study done on soybean concerning interaction between PGPRs and plants under biotic stress condition.

Keywords

Biotic stress Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria Induced systemic resistance Defense-related genes Jasmonic acid 

References

  1. Abawi GS, Grogan RG (1979) Epidemiology of diseases caused by Sclerotinia species. Phytopathology 69(8):899–904CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Al-Ani RA, Adhab MA, Mahdi MH, Abood HM (2012) Rhizobium japonicum as a biocontrol agent of soybean root rot disease caused by Fusarium solani and Macrophomina phaseolina. Plant Prot Sci 48:149–155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Angelique JP, Carl AB, Martin IC, Dean KM, Daren SM, Kiersten AW, Paul DE (2012) Biology yield loss and control of sclerotinia stem rot of soybean. J Integr Pest Manage 3(2):B1–B7Google Scholar
  4. Araujo FF, Henning AA, Hungria M (2005) Phytohormones and antibiotics produced by Bacillus subtilis and their effects on seed pathogenic fungi and on soybean root development. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 21(8–9):1639–1645CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Arfaoui A, El Hadrami A, Adam LR, Daayf F (2016) Pre-treatment with calcium enhanced defense-related genes’ expression in the soybean’s isoflavones pathway in response to Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Physiol Mol Plant Pathol 93:12–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Arias MMD (2012) Fusarium species infecting soybean roots: frequency, aggressiveness, yield impact and interaction with the soybean cyst nematode. Graduate theses and dissertations. 12314Google Scholar
  7. Batool H, Fatima N, Hira K, Sultana V, Ara J, Ehteshamul-Haque S (2013) Role of fluorescent Pseudomonas associated with root nodules of soybean in suppressing the root rotting fungi and root knot nematode of soybean in soil amended with seeds of Vernonia antihelmenthica. Inter J Biol Res (Pak) 1:75–81Google Scholar
  8. Baysal T, Demirdöven A (2007) Lipoxygenase in fruits and vegetables: a review. Enzym Microb Technol 40(4):491–496CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Berendsen RL, Pieterse CMJ, Bakker PAHM (2012) The rhizosphere microbiome and plant health. Trends Plant Sci 17:478–486CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Boller T, Felix G (2009) A renaissance of elicitors: perception of microbe-associated molecular patterns and danger signals by pattern-recognition receptors. Annu Rev Plant Biol 60:379–406CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Bolton MD, Thomma B, Nelson BD (2006) Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Lib.) de Bary: biology, and molecular traits of cosmopolitan pathogen. Mol Plant Pathol 7:1–16CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Borges AA, Sandalio LM (2015) Induced resistance for plant defense. Front Plant Sci 6:109CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  13. Bulgarelli D, Schlaeppi K, Spaepen S, Ver Loren Van The maat E, Schulze-Lefert P (2013) Structure and functions of the bacterial microbiota of plants. Annu Rev Plant Biol 64:807–838CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Burketová L, Trdá L, Ott P, Valentova O (2015) Bio-based resistance inducers for sustainable plant protection against pathogens. Biotechnol Adv 33(6):994–1004CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Cavalcanti FR, Oliveira JTA, Martins-Miranda AS, Viégas RA, Silveira JAG (2004) Superoxide dismutase, catalase and peroxidase activities do not confer protection against oxidative damage in salt stressed cowpea leaves. New Phytol 163:563–571CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Chauhan OP, Chauhan GS, Singh G, Kumbhar BK, Mishra DP (2002) Varietal variability in the contents of nutrients and anti-nutrients in different parts of soybean seeds. J Rural Agric Res 2(2):42–50Google Scholar
  17. Choudhary DK, Kasotia A, Jain S, Vaishnav A, Kumari S, Sharma KP, Varma A (2016) Bacterial-mediated tolerance and resistance to plants under abiotic and biotic stresses. J Plant Growth Regul 35(1):276–300CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Chunhua S, Ya D, Bingle X, Xiao L, Yonshu X, Qinguang L (2001) The purification and spectral properties of PPO I from Nicotianan tababcum. Plant Mol Biol 19:301–314Google Scholar
  19. Coley-Smith JR, Cooke RC (1971) Survival and germination of fungal sclerotia. Annu Rev Phytopathol 9(1):65–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Cui H, Tsuda K, Parker JE (2015) Effector-triggered immunity: from pathogen perception to robust defense. Annu Rev Plant Biol 66:487–511CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Dalal J, Kulkarni N (2015) Effect of endophytic treatments on plant growth performance and disease incidences in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merril) Cultivar JS-335 against challenge inoculation with R. solani. Am J Agri Biol Sci 10(2):99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Danielson GA, Nelson BD, Helms TC (2004) Effect of sclerotinia stem rot on yield of soybean inoculated at different growth stages. Plant Dis 88:297–300CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Dardanelli MS, Manyani H, González-Barroso S, Rodríguez-Carvajal MA, Gil-Serrano AM, Espuny MR, López-Baena FJ, Bellogín RA, Megías M, Ollero FJ (2010) Effect of the presence of the plant growth promoting rhizobacterium (PGPR) Chryseobacterium balustinum Aur9 and salt stress in the pattern of flavonoids exuded by soybean roots. Plant Soil 328(1–2):483–493CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Dashti N, Zhang F, Hynes R, Smith DL (1998) Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria accelerate nodulation and increase nitrogen fixation activity by field grown soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] under short season conditions. Plant Soil 200(2):205–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Diniz FO, Reis MS, Araújo EF, dos Santos Dias LA, Sediyama T, Sediyama-Bhering CAZ (2013) Incidence of pathogens and field emergence of soybean seeds subjected to harvest delay. J Seed Sci 35:478–484CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Dodds PN, Rathjen JP (2010) Plant immunity: towards an integrated view of plant-pathogen interactions. Nat Rev Genet 11:539–548CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Ebtehag E-B, Nemat MA, Azza ST, Hoda AH (2009) Antagonistic activity of selected strains of rhizobacteria against Macrophomina phaseolina of soybean plants. Am Eurasian J Agric Environ Sci 5:337–347Google Scholar
  28. Fernando WGD, Nakkeeran S, Zhang Y (2004) Ecofriendly methods in combating Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Lib.) de Bary. Dev Toxicol Environ Sci 1:329–347Google Scholar
  29. Feussner I, Wasternack C (2002) The lipoxygenase pathway. Annu Rev Plant Biol 53(1):275–297CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Fu DQ, Ghabrial S, Kachroo A (2009) GmRAR1 and GmSGT1 are required for basal, R gene–mediated and systemic acquired resistance in soybean. Mole Plant-Microbe Inter 22(1):86–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Gao Q-M, Zhu S, Kachroo P, Kachroo A (2015) Signal regulators of systemic acquired resistance. Front Plant Sci 6:228PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  32. García VG, Onco MP, Susan VR (2006) Review. Biology and systematics of the form genus Rhizoctonia. Spanish J Agri Res 4(1):55–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Goellner K, Loehrer M, Langenbach C, Conrath U, Koch E, Schaffrath U (2010) Phakopsora pachyrhizi, the causal agent of Asian soybean rust. Mol Plant Pathol 11:169–177CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Grau CR, Hartman GL (1999) Sclerotinia stem rot. In: Hartman GL, Sinclair JB, Rupe JC (eds) Compendium of soybean diseases, vol 4. APS Press, St. Paul, pp 46–48Google Scholar
  35. Han HS, Lee KD (2005) Physiological responses of soybean-inoculation of Bradyrhizobium japonicum with PGPR in saline soil conditions. Res J Agric Biol Sci 1(3):216–221Google Scholar
  36. Hoffman DD, Hartman GL, Mueller DS, Leitz RA, Nickell CD, Pedersen WL (1998) Yield and seed quality of soybean cultivars infected with Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Plant Dis 82:826–829CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Inam-Ul-Haq M, Mehmood S, Rehman HM, Ali Z, Tahir MI (2012) Incidence of root rot diseases of soybean in Multan Pakistan and its management by the use of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria. Pak J Bot 44:2077–2080Google Scholar
  38. Jain S, Varma A, Tuteja N, Choudhary DK (2016) Plant growth promoting microbial-mediated induced systemic resistance in plants: induction, mechanism and expression. In: Choudhary DK, Varma A (eds) Microbial-mediated induced systemic resistance in plants. Springer, Singapore, pp 213–226CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Jain S, Vaishnav A, Kumari S, Varma A, Tuteja N, Choudhary DK (2017) Chitinolytic Bacillus-mediated induction of jasmonic acid and defense-related proteins in soybean (Glycine max L. Merrill) plant against Rhizoctonia solani and Fusarium oxysporum. J Plant Growth Regul 36(1):200–214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Jiang L, Wu J, Fan S, Li W, Dong L, Cheng Q, Xu P, Zhang S (2015) Isolation and characterization of a novel pathogenesis-related protein gene (GmPRP) with induced expression in soybean (Glycine max) during Infection with Phytophthora sojae. PLoS One 10(6):e0129932CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  41. Juge C, Prévost D, Bertrand A, Bipfubusa M, Chalifour FP (2012) Growth and biochemical responses of soybean to double and triple microbial associations with Bradyrhizobium, Azospirillum and arbuscular mycorrhizae. Appl Soil Ecol 61:147–157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Jung WJ, Mabood F, Kim TH, Smith DL (2007) Induction of pathogenesis-related proteins during biocontrol of Rhizoctonia solani with Pseudomonas aureofaciens in soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.) plants. Biol Control 52(6):895–904Google Scholar
  43. Khan MH, Tyagi SD (2013) A review on induced mutagenesis in soybean. J Cereals Oilseed 4(2):19–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Kumar PL, Sharma K, Boahen S, Tefera H, Tamo M (2015) First report of soybean witches’-broom disease caused by group 16SrII phytoplasma in soybean in Malawi and Mozambique. Plant Dis 99(6):886Google Scholar
  45. La Camera S, Gouzerh G, Dhondt S, Hoffmann L, Fritig B, Legrand M, Heitz T (2004) Metabolic reprogramming in plant innate immunity: the contributions of phenylpropanoid and oxylipin pathways. Immunol Rev 198(1):267–284CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. Lee JH, Hwang SR, Lee YH, Kim K, Cho KM, Lee YB (2015) Changes occurring in compositions and antioxidant properties of healthy soybean seeds [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] and soybean seeds diseased by Phomopsis longicolla and Cercospora kikuchii fungal pathogens. Food Chem 185:205–211CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. Liang XW, Dron M, Cramer CL, Dixon RA, Lamb CJ (1989) Differential regulation of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase genes during plant development and by environmental cues. J Biol Chem 264(24):14486–14492PubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. Van Loon LC, Rep M, Pieterse CMJ (2006) Significance of inducible defense related proteins in infected plants. Annu Rev Phytopathol 44:135–162Google Scholar
  49. Malinovsky FG, Fangel JU, Willats WG (2014) The role of the cell wall in plant immunity. Front Plant Sci 5:178CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  50. Mariutto M, Ongena M (2015) Molecular patterns of rhizobacteria involved in plant immunity elicitation. Adv Bot Res 75:21–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Mayer AM, Harel E (1979) Polyphenol oxidases in plants. Phytochemistry 18:193–215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Mendes R, Kruijt M, DeBruijn I, Dekkers E, Van Der Voort M, Schneider JH, Piceno YM, DeSantis TZ, Andersen GL, Bakker PA, Raaijmakers JM (2011) Deciphering the rhizosphere microbiome for disease-suppressive bacteria. Science 332:1097–1100CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. Mengistu A, Reddy KN, Bellaloui N, Walker ER, Kelly HM (2013) Effect of glyphosate on Macrophomina phaseolina in vitro and its effect on disease severity of soybean in the field. Crop Prot 54:23–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Mueller DS, Hartman GL, Pedersen WL (1999) Development of sclerotia and apothecia of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum from infected soybean seed and its control by fungicide seed treatment. Plant Dis 83:1113–1115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Naito S, Mohamad D, Nasution A, Purwanti H (1993) Soil-borne diseases and ecology of pathogens on soybean roots in Indonesia. JARQ 26:247–253Google Scholar
  56. Passardi F, Cosio C, Penel C, Dunand C (2005) Peroxidases have more functions than a Swiss army knife. Plant Cell Rep:24, 255–265Google Scholar
  57. Pieterse CM, Zamioudis C, Berendsen RL, Weller DM, Van Wees SC, Bakker PA (2014) Induced systemic resistance by beneficial microbes. Annu Rev Phytopathol 52:347–375CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. Robert-Seilaniantz A, Grant M, Jones JD (2011) Hormone crosstalk in plant disease and defense: more than just jasmonate-salicylate antagonism. Annu Rev Phytopathol 49:317–343CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. Ruiz Diaz D, Pedersen P, Sawyer J (2009) Soybean response to inoculation and nitrogen application following long-term grass pasture. Crop Sci 49:1058–1062CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Sandhu D, Tasma IM, Frasch R, Bhattacharyya MK (2009) Systemic acquired resistance in soybean is regulated by two proteins, orthologous to Arabidopsis NPR1. BMC Plant Biol 9(1):105CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  61. Shah J (2005) Lipids, lipases, and lipid-modifying enzymes in plant disease resistance. Annu Rev Phytopathol 43:229–260CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. Shah J, Zeier J (2013) Long-distance communication and signal amplification in systemic acquired resistance. Front Plant Sci 4:–30Google Scholar
  63. Sharma SK, Ramesh A, Johri BN (2013) Isolation and characterization of plant growth promoting Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain sks_bnj_1 and its influence on rhizosphere soil properties and nutrition of soybean (Glycine max L. Merrill). J Virol Microbiol 2013:1–9Google Scholar
  64. Sharma AN, Gupta GK, Verma RK, Sharma OP, Bhagat S, Amaresan N, Saini MR, Chattopadhyay C, Sushil SN, Asre R, Kapoor KS, Satyagopal K, Jeyakumar P (2014) Integrated pest management for soyabean, p 41Google Scholar
  65. Simonetti E, Viso NP, Montecchia M, Zilli C, Balestrasse K, Carmona M (2015) Evaluation of native bacteria and manganese phosphite for alternative control of charcoal root rot of soybean. Microbiol Res 180:40–48CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. Sinclair JB, Backman PA (1989) Compendium of soybean diseases, 3rd edn. The American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul, p 106Google Scholar
  67. Smith GS, Wyllie TD (1999) Charcoal rot. In: Hartman GL, Sinclair JB, Rupe JC (eds) Compendium of soybean disease, vol 4. American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul, pp 29–31Google Scholar
  68. Soybean Processors Association of India (2014) http://www.sopa.org/statistics/soybean-hectares-planted/
  69. Spoel SH, Dong X (2012) How do plants achieve immunity? Defence without specialized immune cells. Nat Rev Immunol 12:89–100CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  70. Sumida CH, Canteri MG, Peitl DC, Tibolla F, Orsini IP, Araújo FA, Chagas DF, Calvos NS (2015) Chemical and biological control of Sclerotinia stem rot in the soybean crop. Ciência Rural 45(5):760–766CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Tewari S, Arora NK (2014) Talc based exopolysaccharides formulation enhancing growth and production of Helianthus annus under saline conditions. Cell Mol Biol 60:73–81PubMedGoogle Scholar
  72. Tiwari SP, Joshi OP, Vyas AK, Billore SD (2002) Potassium nutrition in yield and quality improvement of soybean. In: Proceedings of the international symposium on potassium for sustainable crop production, pp 307–321Google Scholar
  73. Vasebi Y, Safaie N, Alizadeh A (2013) Biological control of soybean charcoal root rot disease using bacterial and fungal antagonists In Vitro and greenhouse condition. J Crop Prote 2(2):139–150Google Scholar
  74. Vyas SC (1994) Integrated biological and chemical control of dry root rot on soybean. Indian J Mycol Plant Pathol 24:132–134Google Scholar
  75. Wahyudi AT, Astuti RP, Widyawati A, Meryandini A, Nawangsih AA (2011) Characterization of Bacillus sp. strains isolated from rhizosphere of soybean plants for their use as potential plant growth for promoting rhizobacteria. J Microbiol Antimicrob 3(2):34–40Google Scholar
  76. Wrather JA, Koenning SR (2006) Estimates of disease effects on soybean yields in the United States, 2003 to 2005. J Nematol 38:173–180PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  77. Wrather A, Shannon G, Balardin R, Carregal L, Escobar R, Gupta GK, Ma Z, Morel W, Ploper D, Tenuta A (2010) Effect of diseases on soybean yield in the top eight producing countries in 2006. Plant Health Prog 10:1094Google Scholar
  78. Xue S, Yao X, Luo W, Jha D, Tester M, Horie T, Schroeder JI (2011) AtHKT1; 1 mediates nernstian sodium channel transport properties in Arabidopsis root stellar cells. PLoS One 6:e24725CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  79. Yang XB, Lundeen P, Uphoff MD (1999) Soybean varietal response and yield loss caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Plant Dis 83:456–461CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shekhar Jain
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Devendra Kumar Choudhary
    • 4
  • Kanti Prakash Sharma
    • 3
  • Rashmi Aggarwal
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Plant PathologyICAR-Indian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Biosciences, College of Arts, Science & Humanities (CASH)Mody University of Science & TechnologyLakshmangarhIndia
  3. 3.Department of AgricultureMandsaur UniversityMandsaurIndia
  4. 4.Amity Institute of Microbial Technology (AIMT)Amity UniversityNoidaIndia

Personalised recommendations