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Fishing Policy: Toward Introduction of Science-based Measurement/Management of Resources

  • Masayuki Komatsu
Chapter

Abstract

There have been no substantive amendments to Japan’s Fisheries Act since the end of the Second World War, with the result that Japan’s fisheries have consistently been allowed to operate under a system of “Olympic-style” fishing. This has caused the decline of fisheries resources and the fishing industry itself, contributing to economic decline in the nation’s rural areas (Komatsu 2014). Other major fishing nations have reformed their fisheries-related laws and regulations and spurred growth in their fishing industries. It is essential for the revitalization of Japan’s rural areas that we learn from these efforts and rebuild resources, attract external investment, and promote employment.

This chapter discusses the introduction of an individual quota (IQ) system in Niigata Prefecture, and considers fisheries reform attempts proposed by municipalities in Hokkaido.

Keywords

Olympic-style fishing Fisheries Act Revitalization of rural areas Individual quota Niigata Prefecture Hokkaido 

References

  1. Hamada, Kojun (2018), “Introduction of an Individual Quota (IQ) System to Japan’s Fishing Industry: An Economic Analysis,” in T. Hatta (ed.), Economic Challenges Facing Japan’s Regional Areas, Plagrave Macmillan, pp. 39–49.Google Scholar
  2. Japan Economic Research Institute (2007), Gyoshoku wo Mamoru Suisangyo no Senryakutekina Bapponkaikaku wo Isoge (Accelerating Fundamental Strategic Reform of Japan’s Fishing Industry to Protect the Nation’s Fish-eating Culture), Research Paper of Takagi Fishing Industry Reform Committee. (In Japanese)Google Scholar
  3. Komatsu, Masayuki (2011), Umi wa Darenomono ka (Who Owns the Sea?), Magazine Land. (In Japanese)Google Scholar
  4. Komatsu, Masayuki (2012), Who Owns the Sea?, The Japan Times.Google Scholar
  5. Komatsu, Masayuki (2014), Nihon no Umikara Sakana ga Kieruhi (When the Fish Disappear from Japan’s Waters), Magazine Land. (In Japanese)Google Scholar
  6. Komatsu, Masayuki (2015), “The Reform of Japan’s Fisheries. Does Individual Quota Contribute to Inclusive Innovation and Innovative Management?,” International Conference of Inclusive Innovation and Innovative Management (ICIIIM 2015)Google Scholar
  7. Koyano, Mari (2018), “Revitalization of Japan’s Fishing Industry: A Legal Perspective—The Case of Rishiri and Rebun Island,” in T. Hatta (ed.), Economic Challenges Facing Japan’s Regional Areas, Plagrave Macmillan, pp. 51–64.Google Scholar
  8. Niigata Prefecture (2011), Niigataken Shinshigenseido Dounyukentoiinkai Hokokusho (Report of the Niigata Prefecture Committee for the Review of the Introduction of New Resource Management Systems), September 2011. (In Japanese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masayuki Komatsu
    • 1
  1. 1.The Tokyo FoundationTokyoJapan

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