Marriage and Childcare in the Metropolitan Areas: A Comparison of Sapporo City and the Greater Fukuoka Area
This chapter shows that the tendency for the rate of marriage to be low in central cities and high in outlying cities is due to the fact that central cities function as a sphere for couple formation, while outlying cities represent the venue for life following couple formation. However, while it is generally the case that the marriage rate in outlying cities offsets the marriage rate in the central city so that the marriage rate in the greater metropolitan area becomes almost identical to that of the region as a whole, the Greater Sapporo Area is an exception to this rule. This chapter suggests that one reason for this anomaly is the existence of a central city which is too large as a result of amalgamations.
KeywordsBirth rate Sphere for couple formation Central city Outlying city Fiscal externality
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