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Processes of Microbial Transformation and Physical Removal of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in Wastewater Treatment

  • Soliver C. Fusi
  • Alisha Y. Chan
  • Birthe V. KjellerupEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are persistent organic pollutants that can cause detrimental effects when humans and animals are exposed to them in the environment. The chemical persistence of these molecules has rendered it difficult to remove from the environment. The objective of this chapter is to discuss the sources of PCBs, factors influencing their transformation, and overall processes of removal from the environment. In addition, microbial transformation of PCBs and physical removal in wastewater treatment plants will be discussed. Finally, future means of PCB elimination, based on methods currently in use in similar systems, will be proposed.

Keywords

Biotransformation Dechlorination Environment Wastewater Pollutants 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to acknowledge SERDP project no. ER-2135 and the LSAMP-2016-2017 URP program for their financial support. Additionally, we would like to thank Mrs. Elaine Wilson, District of Columbia Water and Sewer Authority, Washington, DC, USA.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Soliver C. Fusi
    • 1
  • Alisha Y. Chan
    • 2
  • Birthe V. Kjellerup
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Biomolecular EngineeringUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA
  2. 2.A. James Clark School of Engineering, Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA

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