Formation of Hollow Metal Oxide Nanoparticles for ORR

Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)


Metal oxides have been widely employed in various electrochemical energy storage and conversion applications including Li-ion batteries, supercapacitors and fuel cells [1, 2]. Designing the microstructure of metal oxide nanomaterials is important for advanced energy storage and conversion devices due to the pronounced size/shape effect on the reaction pathway and durability.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wei Xia
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and Engineering, College of EngineeringPeking UniversityBeijingChina

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