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Emergency Room (ER)

Chapter
Part of the Ocular Trauma book series (OCTRA)

Abstract

The design of the emergency rooms needs to be comprehensively considered. Some general principles, such as accessibility, signage, and good relationship with other departments, should be considered. There are also some special instruments, drugs, and common supplies needed in the ocular emergency rooms. In an eye hospital, the emergency room should have some essential setting for examination and management of systemic emergency. Patients coming to the emergency room are mixed with different levels of severity and crisis. They should be managed differently according to their specific situations. First aid is needed for the following conditions: chemical injury, open globe injury, and acute painless vision loss. Hospital-acquired infection is a major challenge in high turnover emergency rooms. The following strategies should be used for infection control: hand hygiene, separate infection source from the rest of departments, healthcare personnel protection, and environment controls.

Keywords

Emergency rooms Setting Triage First aid Infection control 

References

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    AlSamnan MS, Mousa A, Al-Kuwaileet S, et al. Triaging self-referred patients attending ophthalmic emergency room. Saudi Med J. 2015;36(6):678–84.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
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    Muller MP, Carter E, Siddiqui N, et al. Hand hygiene compliance in an emergency department: the effect of crowding. Acad Emerg Med. 2015;22(10):1218–21.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Vilar E, Rebelo F, Noriega P, et al. Effects of competing environmental variables and signage on route-choices in simulated everyday and emergency wayfinding situations. Ergonomics. 2014;57(4):511–24.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shantou International Eye CenterShantou University and the Chinese University of Hong KongShantouChina
  2. 2.The Chinese University of Hong KongHong KongChina

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