General Guideline of Ophthalmic Emergency
In the situation of ocular emergency, rapid diagnosis and proper treatment are the key to success. First of all, the doctor should be familiar with common symptoms and signs in ophthalmic emergency, which include acute red eye, acute visual loss, acute ocular pain, ophthalmic trauma, and so on. From typical symptoms and signs, the doctor can make a quick judgment about the diagnosis. Then, the doctor needs to perform further examination to confirm the judgment. Evidence taken from patient history and specific ocular examination will support the doctor to make a correct diagnosis. Finally, in pursuit of the best prognosis, the doctor should make prompt and appropriate treatment. According to our experience, we have summarized the initial treatment for typical ocular emergencies as a reference. In conclusion, this chapter displays the standard procedure of dealing with ophthalmic emergency and tries to help doctors to build the pattern of clinical thinking.