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Epithelial Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Lung Disease

  • Linlin Zhang
  • William Wang
  • Bijun Zhu
  • Xiangdong WangEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1038)

Abstract

Since the twentieth century, scientists have studied the functions and mechanisms of the mitochondria. The mitochondrion plays many important roles in cell functioning and contributes to apoptosis, embryonic and tissue development, aging, etc. Consequently, mitochondrial dysfunction often has a direct impact on health such as aging, tumorigenesis, lung injury and COPD, etc. Recent evidence indicates that the mitochondria could also be a crucial contributor to immunity with functions such as biogenesis, fusion, and fission impacting various areas in initializing immunity. In this review, we will describe both the structure and various functions of the mitochondria with an emphasis on functions such ATP production which is crucial for a multitude of processes such as apoptosis, biosynthesis of Fe/S clusters, steroid synthesis, and, more fundamentally, cell survival. In addition, this review aims to investigate the relationship of epithelial mitochondria and lung disease. Cigarette smoke is known to induce structural and functional mutations in airway epithelial mitochondria often acting as an indicator for diseases such as COPD. Further evidence to support this speculation is the presence of reactive oxygen species (ROS) within cigarette smoke which is a factor in the development of COPD.

Keywords

Mitochondria Structure Apoptosis Reactive oxygen species COPD 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The work was supported by Zhongshan Distinguished Professor Grant (XDW), the National Nature Science Foundation of China (91230204, 81270099, 81320108001, 81270131, 81300010), the Shanghai Committee of Science and Technology (12JC1402200, 12431900207, 11410708600, 14431905100), the operation funding of Shanghai Institute of Clinical Bioinformatics, the Ministry of Education for Academic Special Science and Research Foundation for PhD Education (20130071110043), and the National Key Research and Development Program (2016YFC0902400, 2017YFSF090207).

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Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2018 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Linlin Zhang
    • 1
  • William Wang
    • 1
  • Bijun Zhu
    • 1
  • Xiangdong Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Zhongshan Hospital Institute of Clinical ScienceFudan University, Shanghai Medical CollegeShanghaiChina

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