Towards Cooler Buildings: The Case of Thailand

  • Chris Butters
  • Pattana Rakkwamsuk
Part of the Palgrave Series in Asia and Pacific Studies book series (PSAPS)


One of the most important tasks facing hot-climate cities is cooling. The objective of the ELITH research program (Energy and Low-Income Tropical Housing, ELITH webpage,, 2013–2016) in which the editors of this book took part, was to reduce energy use and climate emissions in the built environment. With a particular focus on low-income housing in hot-climate developing countries, this included issues of sustainable design and city planning as well as energy systems and policy. In the area of policy, a key action, in all countries, is to develop standards, codes and building regulations for energy efficiency (and/or carbon emissions; both approaches may be adopted). This was addressed for the case of Thailand where our ELITH partner was the Joint Graduate School of Energy and Environment (JGSEE) in Bangkok (JGSEE webpage,, 2016). This chapter describes processes, methods and challenges involved in introducing and implementing energy-efficiency policies in national building regulations and practice. After describing very briefly the context of Thailand, its buildings, energy use, trends, institutions and existing or recent initiatives in energy efficiency, we review the JGSEE research. The role of local organisations and institutions is highlighted. In the last section, we discuss broader issues and the relevance of these experiences for other countries.


Energy efficient buildings Passive measures Benchmark Thailand 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chris Butters
    • 1
  • Pattana Rakkwamsuk
    • 2
  1. 1.University of WarwickCoventryUK
  2. 2.King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT)BangkokThailand

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