Part of the SpringerBriefs in Materials book series (BRIEFSMATERIALS)


In overall, the book has showcased how NFC products can be developed during the initial stage in the product development process using systematic concurrent engineering tools. There are huge potential of utilizing NFC as the candidate material for producing various products due to the advantages of renewability, recyclability, biodegradability and low raw material cost especially as replacement to conventional synthetic composites. Nevertheless, the challenges present are dimensional instability and low mechanical properties, which restrict their current application for low load bearing applications. However, as demonstrated throughout this book, the limitations can be overcome through adaptation of innovative product design process, particularly during the early stage of the NFC product development process.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Mechanical EngineeringUniversiti Teknikal Malaysia MelakaDurian TunggalMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia

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