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Atypical Antipsychotics in Major Depressive Disorder

  • Laura Orsolini
  • Federica Vellante
  • Alessandro Valchera
  • Michele Fornaro
  • Alessandro Carano
  • Maurizio Pompili
  • Giampaolo Perna
  • Gianluca Serafini
  • Marco Di Nicola
  • Giovanni Martinotti
  • Massimo Di Giannantonio
  • Domenico De Berardis
Chapter

Abstract

Depression represents one of the most invalidating and widespread diseases in the Western countries. Depressive episodes could manifest both in unipolar and bipolar mood disorders, hence, not facilitating the choice of the better psychopharmacological treatment. Antidepressants represent the first-line choice in the treatment of a depressive episode within a major depressive disorder (MDD). However, as approximately 10–15% of patients do not adequately respond to a pharmacological therapy, the treatment-resistant depression (TRD) may benefit by atypical antipsychotics as monotherapy or adjunctive therapy. Furthermore, as recently introduced in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-5th edition (DSM-5), depressive episodes may occur in association with mixed states, which could justify the prescription of an atypical antipsychotic as add-on therapy. The present chapter aims at reviewing literature and data evaluating the efficacy and effectiveness of prescribing atypical antipsychotics in MDD.

Keywords

Antipsychotics Atypical antipsychotic Major depressive disorder Depression MDD 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laura Orsolini
    • 1
    • 2
  • Federica Vellante
    • 2
    • 3
  • Alessandro Valchera
    • 2
    • 4
  • Michele Fornaro
    • 5
  • Alessandro Carano
    • 6
  • Maurizio Pompili
    • 7
  • Giampaolo Perna
    • 8
    • 9
    • 10
  • Gianluca Serafini
    • 11
  • Marco Di Nicola
    • 12
  • Giovanni Martinotti
    • 3
  • Massimo Di Giannantonio
    • 3
  • Domenico De Berardis
    • 3
    • 12
    • 13
  1. 1.Psychopharmacology, Drug Misuse and Novel Psychoactive Substances Research Unit, School of Life and Medical SciencesUniversity of HatfieldHatfieldUK
  2. 2.Polyedra Research GroupTeramoItaly
  3. 3.Department of Neurosciences and ImagingUniversity “G. d’Annunzio”ChietiItaly
  4. 4.Villa S. Giuseppe, Hospital Hermanas HospitalariasAscoli PicenoItaly
  5. 5.Laboratory of Molecular Psychiatry and Psychopharmacotherapeutics, Unit of Psychiatry, Department of NeuroscienceUniversity School of Medicine “Federico II”NaplesItaly
  6. 6.Department of Mental Health, Psychiatric Service of Diagnosis and TreatmentHospital “Madonna Del Soccorso”, NHSSan Benedetto del TrontoItaly
  7. 7.Department of Neurosciences, Mental Health and Sensory Organs, Suicide Prevention Center, Sant’Andrea HospitalSapienza University of RomeRomeItaly
  8. 8.Department of Clinical NeurosciencesVilla San Benedetto Menni, Hermanas Hospitalarias, FoRiPsiAlbese con CassanoItaly
  9. 9.Department of Psychiatry and NeuropsychologyUniversity of MaastrichtMaastrichtThe Netherlands
  10. 10.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Leonard Miller School of MedicineUniversity of MiamiMiamiUSA
  11. 11.Department of Neuroscience, Rehabilitation, Ophthalmology, Genetics, Maternal and Child Health (DINOGMI), Section of PsychiatryUniversity of Genoa, IRCCS San MartinoGenoaItaly
  12. 12.Institute of Psychiatry and PsychologyFondazione Policlinico Universitario “A. Gemelli”, Università Cattolica del Sacro CuoreRomeItaly
  13. 13.National Health Service, Department of Mental Health, Psychiatric Service of Diagnosis and TreatmentHospital “G. Mazzini”TeramoItaly

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