The Hydrodynamic Impacts of Tropical Cyclones on Coral Reefs of Japan: Key Points and Future Perspectives

Chapter
Part of the Coral Reefs of the World book series (CORW, volume 13)

Abstract

Tropical cyclones are extreme geodynamic events that cause serious damage to coral reefs and coral communities, including mechanical destruction of reef builders and changes in reef topography. This chapter reviews hydrodynamic research into the effects of tropical cyclones on coral reefs and coral communities of Japan. Although much research has focused on the effects of changing wind speeds, hydrodynamic parameters such as wave height, wave period, and wave velocity also have a direct influence on reef evolution. More data related to wave activity must be collected if we are to develop a better understanding of the hydrodynamic impacts of tropical cyclones on coral reefs. In Japan, an observation network that records wave height and wave period has been maintained since the 1970s because the region is especially prone to tropical cyclones. In addition, the possible hydrodynamic impacts of tropical cyclones on coral reefs are taken into account assuming that these storms will become more intense in the future.

Keywords

Tropical cyclones Coral reef Coral Hydrodynamic research Wave height Wave period Japan 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author thanks Lucien F. Montaggioni and Kazuhisa Goto for their comments, which significantly improved the clarity of an earlier version of the manuscript. This research was supported by Nippon Life Insurance Foundation and by JST (Japan Science and Technology Agency)/JICA (Japan International Cooperation Agency)-SATREPS (Science and Technology Research Partnership for Sustainable Development).

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Biology, and Marine ScienceUniversity of the RyukyusOkinawaJapan

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