Conclusion and Recommendations

  • Haiping WangEmail author


This chapter will first present the verified framework for Lecture Comprehension Construct (LCC) and then provide answers to all research questions. In this chapter, recommendations based on the analysis of the current empirical study will be unfolded in two aspects: recommendation for academic listening assessment and implications for academic listening instruction. Future research directions centering upon the assessment of lecture comprehension will be suggested in the end of the chapter.


Academic Listening Comprehensive Lecture Test-taking Cognitive Processes Idea Units Hearing Academics 
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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.East China University of Political Science and LawHongkou District, ShanghaiChina

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