Ambient Pressure X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy

  • Hiroshi KondohEmail author


X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) is one of most thoroughly used surface science techniques, which provides information on chemical states of both adsorbates and substrates on the basis of core-level shifts of photoelectrons excited primarily with X-rays.


Element selective Chemical state Photoelectron spectroscopy Ambient pressure 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryKeio UniversityYokohamaJapan

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