Electrochemical Sum Frequency Generation

  • Hidenori NoguchiEmail author


Since the surface is buried in liquid, electrochemical surface science is complicated. Therefore, one cannot benefit from the electron-based techniques mainly used in ultra-high vacuum (UHV) to study the structure and composition of surfaces since the mean free path of the electrons in dense media, i.e., water, is rather limited.


Electrochemistry Solid/liquid interface In situ measurements Nonlinear optics 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Global Research Center for Environment and Energy Based on Nanomaterials Science, National Institute for Materials ScienceTsukubaJapan

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