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The Empowerment of Local Community Groups as a New Innovation in Cross-Border Disaster Governance Frameworks

  • Yenny Rahmayati
Chapter

Abstract

Asia remains a distinguished place prone to different sized of natural disasters ranging from tsunamis to earthquakes, floods and forest fires, among others, that have produced profound cross borders impacts. Many studies on disaster governance have discussed the subject from a macro-policy level perspective, with less attention being paid to the role of the community. However, in many cases of disasters, local communities are the first to handle emergency efforts before the arrival of international and national disaster assistance. The role of communities needs to be empowered by including them in disaster governance frameworks so that they can be a new driver of policy innovation in building social resilience to future disasters.

Based on the empirical evidence from the Indian Ocean tsunami and undersea earthquake of December 2004 that devastated Indonesia’s north-westernmost province of Aceh, this paper explores the power of Acehnese community groups in the governance of disasters across borders. The Acehnese response to the tsunami and subsequent rehabilitation process offers important lessons for cross border disasters, not only in Asian contexts but more widely. The chapter will provide policy recommendations for establishing a model of cross border disaster governance that can better accommodate the innovations of communities in dealing with disasters through the creation of stronger state-civil society partnerships over time.

Keywords

Cross-border disasters Collaborative governance Community networks Aceh State-civil society partnerships 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Design Innovation (CDI)Swinburne University of TechnologyMelbourneAustralia

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