Advertisement

Comparative Study of Health-Related Physical Fitness Among Children Attending Municipal and International Schools in Nasik City

  • Manjusha BhakayEmail author
  • Sabiha Vali
Chapter
  • 428 Downloads
Part of the India Studies in Business and Economics book series (ISBE)

Abstract

Health-related physical fitness is dependent on both the lifestyle-related factors and genetics and is therefore an important indicator of the status of health. The environment has gradually changed to one which requires reduced physical activity and promotes an increasing sedentary lifestyle. As this trend continues, the overall importance of physical activity in promoting and maintaining adequate health is only now being realized. The objective of this chapter is to compare the health-related physical fitness among children aged 7–9 years attending municipal schools and international schools in Nasik city. Around 236 children attending international schools and 234 children from municipal schools, aged 7–9 years were selected by purposive sampling. Physical fitness tests measuring muscular strength and endurance, cardiorespiratory endurance, body composition and flexibility were conducted. Children from municipal schools reflected lower mean height, weight, and BMI. Municipal school children had larger mean muscular strength and endurance (21.52 sit ups). Many of the children from the international school completed the one-mile run test but those from municipal school completed the test in lesser time (10.66 min). Municipal school children were more flexible (13.37 inch). They also had lower waist-to-height ratio (0.40) as compared to the international school children (0.46). Physical activity was considered a key factor for healthy physical and mental development of children. The municipal school children being more physically active had better physical fitness and hence were at a lesser risk of developing lifestyle-related disorders.

Keywords

Physical fitness Muscular fitness Cardiorespiratory fitness Body composition 

References

  1. Andersen, L. B., Sardinha, L. B., Froberg, K., Riddoch, C. J., Page, A. S., & Anderssen, S. A. (2008). Fitness, fatness and clustering of cardiovascular risk factors in children from Denmark, Estonia and Portugal: The European Youth Heart Study. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 3(1), 58–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Dwyer, G. M., Higgs, J., Hardy, L. L., & Baur, L. A. (2008). What do parents and preschool staff tell us about young children’s physical activity?: A qualitative study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical activity, 5, 66. doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-566.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ekelund, Ulf., Sardinha, L. B., Anderssen, S. A., Harro, M., Franks, P. W., Brage, S. et al. (2004). Association between objectively assessed physical activity and indicators of body fatness in 9–10 years old European Children: A population based study from 4 distinct regions in Europe. (The European Youth Heart Study). American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 80(5), 584–590.Google Scholar
  4. Esmaeilzadeh, S., & Ebadollahzadeh, K. (2012). Physical fitness, physical activity and sedentary activities of 7 to 11 year old boys with different body mass indexes. Asian Journal of Sports Medicine, 3(2), 105–112.Google Scholar
  5. Kemper, H. C. G., De Vente, W., Van Mechelen, W., & Twisk, J. W. R. (2001). Adolescent motor skill and performance: is physical activity in adolescents related to adult physical fitness? American Journal of Human Biology, 13(2), 180–189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Kuriyan, R., Thomas, T., Lokesh, D., Aheth, N., Mahendra, A., Joy, R., Sumitra, S., Bhatt, S., & Kurpad, A. (2011). Potential factors related to waist circumference in urban South Indian Children. Indian Pediatrics, PII: S 097475591NPE 10000225-1.Google Scholar
  7. Lumeng, J. C., Rahnama, S., Appugliese, D., Kaciroti, N., & Bradley, R. H. (2006). Television exposure and overweight risk in preschoolers. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 160(4), 417–422.Google Scholar
  8. Ortega, F. B., Ruiz, J. R., Castillo, M. J., & Sjostrom, M. (2008). Physical fitness in childhood and adolescence: A powerful marker of health. International Journal of Obesity, 32, 1–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Pino-Ortega, J., De la Cruz-Sánchez, E., & Martínez-Santos, R. (2010). Health—related fitness in school children: Compliance with physical activity recommendations and its relationship with body mass index and diet quality. Archieves Latino America Nos De Nution, 60(4), 1.Google Scholar
  10. Powers, S. K., & Dodd, S. L. (1996). Total fitness—Exercise, nutrition and wellness. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.Google Scholar
  11. Takken, T., Van Der Net, J., Kuis, W., & Helders, P. J. M. (2003). Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 62, 885–889.Google Scholar
  12. Tharkar, S., & Viswanathan, V. (2009). Impact of socioeconomic status on prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents in urban India. The open obesity Journal, 1, 9–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Twisk, J. W. R., Kemper, H. C. G., Van Mechelen, W., & Post, G. B. (1997). Tracking of risk factors for coronary heart disease over a 14 year period: A comparison between lifestyle and biologic risk factors with data from Amsterdam growth and health study. American Journal of Epidemiology, 145, 888–898.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Van der Horst, K., Paw, M., Twisk, J. W. R., & Van Mechelen, W. (2007). A brief review on correlations of physical activity and sedentariness in youth. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 38(8), 1241–1250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Food Science and NutritionS.M.R.K.B.K.A.K.Mahila MahavidyalayaNasikIndia
  2. 2.Home Science (Retired)RSTM Nagpur UniversityNagpurIndia

Personalised recommendations